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Title: Fetal heart rate events during sleep, and the impact of sleep disordered breathing, in pregnancies complicated by preterm fetal growth restriction: An exploratory observational case-control study.
Austin Authors: Skrzypek, Hannah;Wilson, Danielle L ;Fung, Alison M;Pell, Gabrielle;Barnes, Maree ;Sommers, Lucy;Rochford, Peter D ;Howard, Mark E ;Walker, Susan P
Affiliation: Institute for Breathing and Sleep
Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 21-Apr-2022 2022
Publication information: BJOG : an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2022; 129(13)
Abstract: To evaluate fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns during sleep in pregnancies complicated by preterm fetal growth restriction (FGR). To determine whether co-existing sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) impacts on acute FHR events or perinatal outcome. Observational case control study. Women with preterm FGR and gestation-matched well grown controls (estimated fetal weight above the 10th percentile with normal Doppler studies); tertiary maternity hospital, Australia. A polysomnogram, a test used to measure sleep patterns and diagnose sleep disorders, and concurrent cardiotocography (CTG), were analysed for respiratory events and FHR changes. Frequency of FHR events overnight in FGR cases versus controls and in those with or without SDB. Twenty-nine patients with preterm FGR and 29 controls (median estimated fetal weight 1st versus 60th percentile, P < 0.001) underwent polysomnography with concurrent CTG at a mean gestation of 30.2 weeks. The median number of FHR events per night was higher among FGR cases than among controls (3.0 events, interquartile range [IQR] 1.0-4.0, versus 1.0 [IQR 0-1.0]; P < 0.001). Women with pregnancies complicated by preterm FGR were more likely than controls to be nulliparous, receive antihypertensive medications, be supine at sleep onset, and to sleep supine (32.9% of total sleep time versus 18.3%, P = 0.03). SDB was common in both FGR and control pregnancies (48% versus 38%, respectively, P = 0.55) but was generally mild and not associated with an increase in overnight FHR events or adverse perinatal outcome. Acute FHR events overnight are more common in pregnancies complicated by preterm FGR than in pregnancies with normal fetal growth. Mild SDB was common in late pregnancy and well tolerated, even by fetuses with preterm FGR.
DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.17192
ORCID: 0000-0002-4786-002X
Journal: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
PubMed URL: 35445795
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: CTG
sleep apnoea
sleep-disordered breathing
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