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Title: Comparison of two questionnaires for assessment of emotional eating in people undergoing treatment for obesity.
Austin Authors: Stammers, Lauren;Wong, Lisa;Churilov, Leonid ;Price, Sarah A ;Ekinci, Elif I ;Sumithran, Priya 
Affiliation: Medicine (University of Melbourne)
Issue Date: 3-Jan-2021 2021-01-03
Publication information: Eating and Weight Disorders : EWD 2021; online first: 3 January
Abstract: Emotional eating may contribute to weight gain and difficulty with weight loss. Questionnaires are currently the primary method used to identify this behaviour but there is no gold standard for detecting emotional eating, making it difficult to know which questionnaire to use for this purpose. This study assesses two questionnaires validated for assessment of emotional eating in patients with obesity, with the aim of investigating their interchangeability in the clinical setting. 387 adult participants were recruited from the obesity treatment service at a tertiary metropolitan hospital. Responses were obtained for the 25-item Emotional Eating Scale (EES) and the 4-item coping subscale of the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS). Agreement was analysed using quadratically weighted Cohen's κ scores. Substantial agreement was defined as κ 0.61-0.80. The median (interquartile range) body mass index and age of participants was 42.1 kg/m2 (36.4-48.9 kg/m2) and 51.6 years (41.1-61.4 years), respectively, and 70.5% of participants were female. The EES and PEMS were found to have substantial agreement (κ 0.71; 95% CI 0.65-0.76). Agreement remained substantial when analysing responses from men (0.61; 95% CI 0.47-0.73), women (0.73; 95% CI 0.67-0.79) and post-bariatric surgery patients (0.72; 95% CI 0.62-0.82) separately. Despite focusing on different elements of emotional eating behaviour, the substantial agreement between the EES and PEMS coping subscale suggests that they identify respondents' susceptibility to emotional eating with consistency, including in people who have undergone bariatric surgery. Opinions of respected authorities, based on descriptive studies, narrative reviews, clinical experience, or reports of expert committees. This observational study has not been registered as a clinical trial.
DOI: 10.1007/s40519-020-01084-2
ORCID: 0000-0002-9576-1050
PubMed URL: 33392954
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Eating behaviour
Emotional eating
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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