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Title: Anatomic and hemodynamic considerations influencing the efficiency of retrograde cardioplegia.
Austin Authors: Ruengsakulrach, P;Buxton, Brian F 
Affiliation: Department of Cardiac Surgery, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2001
Publication information: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery; 71(4): 1389-95
Abstract: One of the major issues raised by cardiac surgical procedures requiring cardiopulmonary bypass is the question of myocardial protection. The preferred route for the administration of cardioplegia is controversial. A number of studies show the beneficial effects of retrograde cardioplegia but some demonstrate only partial or poor myocardial protection. This paper reviews the anatomy and anatomic variations of the coronary sinus, the coronary sinus orifice and cardiac veins, and the major systemic venous drainage, all of which may affect the distribution of retrograde cardioplegia.
Gov't Doc #: 11308210
Journal: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Cardiopulmonary Bypass.methods
Coronary Vessel
Heart.anatomy & histology.physiopathology
Heart Arrest, Induced.adverse effects.methods
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Sensitivity and Specificity
Vena Cava,
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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