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Title: Medial prefrontal cortex depressor response: role of the solitary tract nucleus in the rat.
Austin Authors: Owens, N C;Sartor, Daniela M;Verberne, Anthony J M 
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 16-May-1999
Publication information: Neuroscience; 89(4): 1331-46
Abstract: The depressor response elicited by unilateral low intensity electrical stimulation of the rat ventral medial prefrontal cortex may be mediated by a connection with the solitary tract nucleus. We tested this hypothesis by (i) examining the influence of medial prefrontal cortex stimulation on the induction of Fos-like immunoreactivity in neurons in the medulla oblongata, and (ii) by testing the effect of inhibition of solitary tract nucleus neurons on the medial prefrontal cortex stimulation-evoked depressor response. Depressor responses (>10 mmHg) were elicited by electrical stimulation of the medial prefrontal cortex every minute for 1 h ('Stimulated' group). Control animals were treated identically but did not receive electrical stimulation ('Unstimulated' group). Neurons exhibiting Fos-like immunoreactivity were abundant at the stimulation site which included the infralimbic area, and dorsal peduncular cortex. Medullary Fos-like immunoreactivity observed in the 'Stimulated' and 'Unstimulated' groups exceeded levels observed in untreated rats and was detected in the rostral, caudal and intermediate areas of the ventrolateral medulla, and the commissural, intermediate, medial and lateral regions of the solitary tract nucleus, as well as the medial vestibular nucleus, and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus. The number of neurons displaying Fos-like immunoreactivity in the ipsilateral solitary tract nucleus and caudal ventrolateral medulla of the 'Stimulated' group was found to be significantly elevated compared to the contralateral side (P<0.05), and the 'Unstimulated' group bilaterally. Inhibition of solitary tract nucleus neurons using bilateral injections of the GABA(A) receptor agonist muscimol (44 pmol/25 nl) inhibited the sympathetic vasomotor baroreflex and attenuated the depressor and sympathoinhibitory response to medial prefrontal cortex stimulation by 62% and 65%, respectively. These findings suggest that the projection from the medial prefrontal cortex to the solitary tract nucleus is excitatory and support the hypothesis that the depressor response elicited by medial prefrontal cortex stimulation is mediated, in part, by a cortico-solitary projection which activates the intramedullary baroreflex pathway.
Gov't Doc #: 10362318
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Baroreflex.drug effects.physiology
Blood Pressure.drug effects.physiology
Electric Stimulation
GABA-A Receptor Agonists
Heart Rate.drug effects
Medulla Oblongata.drug effects.physiology
Prefrontal Cortex.drug effects.physiology
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos.biosynthesis.genetics
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Solitary Nucleus.drug effects.physiology
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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