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|Title:||Incidence of adverse mental health outcomes after sleeve gastrectomy compared with gastric bypass and restrictive bariatric procedures: a retrospective cohort study.||Austin Authors:||Sumithran, Priya ;Roberts, Leo;Caterson, Ian D;Brown, Robyn M;Spittal, Matthew J;Brown, Wendy A||Affiliation:||Department of Medicine (St Vincent's), University of Melbourne, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.
Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Boden Initiative, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Department of Surgery, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Department of Surgery, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
|Issue Date:||Jul-2023||Publication information:||Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) 2023-07; 31(7)||Abstract:||This study examined rates of suicide and hospitalization with psychiatric diagnoses after sleeve gastrectomy compared with gastric bypass and restrictive procedures (gastric banding/gastroplasty). This was a longitudinal retrospective cohort study comprising all patients who underwent primary bariatric surgery in New South Wales or Queensland, Australia, between July 2001 and December 2020. Hospital admission records, death registration, and cause of death records (if applicable) within these dates were extracted and linked. Primary outcome was death by suicide. Secondary outcomes were admissions with self-harm; substance-use disorder, schizophrenia, mood, anxiety, behavioral, and personality disorders; any of these; and psychiatric inpatient admission. A total of 121,203 patients were included, with median follow-up of 4.5 years per patient. There were 77 suicides, with no evidence of difference in rates by surgery type (rates [95% CI] per 100,000 person years: 9.6 [5.0-18.4] restrictive, 10.8 [8.4-13.9] sleeve gastrectomy, 20.4 [9.7-42.8] gastric bypass; p = 0.18). Rates of admission with self-harm declined after restrictive and sleeve procedures. Admission with anxiety disorders, any psychiatric diagnosis, and as a psychiatric inpatient increased after sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass, but not restrictive procedures. Admissions with substance-use disorder increased after all surgery types. Variable associations between bariatric surgeries and hospitalization with psychiatric diagnoses might indicate distinct vulnerabilities among patient cohorts or that differing anatomical and/or functional changes may contribute to effects on mental health.||URI:||https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/33248||DOI:||10.1002/oby.23757||ORCID:||0000-0002-9576-1050
||Journal:||Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)||Start page:||1913||End page:||1923||PubMed URL:||37368518||ISSN:||1930-739X||Type:||Journal Article||Subjects:||Gastric Bypass/methods
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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