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Title: "She'll Be Right, Mate": A Mixed Methods Analysis of Skin Cancer Prevention Practices among Australian Farmers-An At-Risk Group.
Austin Authors: Trenerry, Camilla;Fletcher, Chloe;Wilson, Carlene J ;Gunn, Kate
Affiliation: Freemasons Centre for Male Health and Wellbeing, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia..
School of Psychology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia..
School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia..
Olivia Newton-John Cancer Wellness and Research Centre
Department of Rural Health, Allied Health and Human Performance, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia..
Flinders Health and Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia..
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2022
Date: 2022
Publication information: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2022; 19(5): 2940
Abstract: This study examined Australian farmers' engagement with skin cancer prevention behaviours and explored what made it hard for them to be 'SunSmart' (barriers), and what could be done to make prevention easier (facilitators). In total, 498 farmers (83.1% male, 22-89 years, 50.8% grain, sheep, or cattle farmers) participated. The least frequently performed SunSmart behaviours (reported as never practiced during summer) were using SPF 30+ sunscreen (16.6%), wearing protective sunglasses (10.5%), and wearing protective clothing (8.6%). Greater engagement (i.e., higher scores on scale from Never to Always) with SunSmart behaviours was explained by gender (female), educational attainment (trade or technical college certificate vs. high school), personal skin cancer history, and skin sun sensitivity. Barriers reported by farmers related to personal preferences (e.g., short-sleeved rather than long-sleeved clothing), comfort, and perceived impracticality of sun protection. Farmers' solutions included making protective clothing and sunscreen more appropriate for farm work (e.g., by making clothing more breathable). A personal health scare was the most reported motivation for skin cancer prevention. Findings highlight the need for increased access to sun-protective clothing and sunscreen that is suitable for wearing when working on farms, complemented by culturally appropriate health education messaging, to encourage more farmers to perform SunSmart behaviours.
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19052940
ORCID: 0000-0002-3663-2451
Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health
PubMed URL: 35270633
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: agriculture
cancer prevention
occupational medicine
rural health
skin cancer
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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