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Title: Vascular access, membranes and circuit for CRRT.
Austin Authors: Juncos, Luis A;Chandrashekar, Kiran;Karakala, Nithin;Baldwin, Ian C 
Affiliation: Intensive Care
Department of Internal Medicine, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System and University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA
Issue Date: 2021
Date: 2021-05-03
Publication information: Seminars in dialysis 2021; 34(6): 406-415
Abstract: The advances in the technology for providing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) have led to an increase in its utilization throughout the world. However, circuit life continues to be a major problem. It leads not only to decreased delivery of dialysis but also causes blood loss, waste of disposables, alters dose delivery of medications and nutrition, and increases nurse workload, all of which increases healthcare cost. Premature circuit failure can be caused by numerous factors that can be difficult to dissect out. The first component is the vascular access; without a well-placed, functioning access, delivery of CRRT becomes very difficult. This is usually accomplished by placing a short-term dialysis catheter into either the right internal jugular or femoral vein. The tips should be located at the caval atrial junction or inferior vena cava. In addition to establishing suitable vascular access, a comprehensive understanding of the circuit facilitates the development of a methodical approach in providing efficient CRRT characterized by optimal circuit life. Moreover, it aids in determining the cause of circuit failure in patients experiencing recurrent episodes. This review therefore summarizes the essential points that guide providers in establishing optimal vascular access. We then provide an overview of the main components of the CRRT circuit including the blood and fluid pumps, the hemofilter, and pressure sensors, which will assist in identifying the key mechanisms contributing to premature failure of the CRRT circuit.
DOI: 10.1111/sdi.12977
ORCID: 0000-0002-4630-2747
Journal: Seminars in Dialysis
PubMed URL: 33939859
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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