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Title: Psychological Interventions to Improve Sleep in Young Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Austin Authors: Kodsi, Ali;Bullock, Ben;Kennedy, Gerard A ;Tirlea, Loredana
Affiliation: Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia
Department of Health and Biomedical Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia
Institute for Breathing and Sleep
School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia
School of Health and Life Sciences, Federation University, Ballarat, Australia
Issue Date: Jan-2022
Date: 2021-02-07
Publication information: Behavioral sleep medicine 2022 Jan-Feb; 20(1): 125-142
Abstract: Introduction:The effects of impaired sleep on the wellbeing of young adults are profound, and the adverse outcomes for mental health are well documented in the research literature.Objective:This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify, summarize, and synthesize the available evidence from randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) investigating psychological interventions aimed at improving sleep and related secondary outcomes such as anxiety and depression in healthy young adults.Method:Nine electronic databases (Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials [CENTRAL], PubMed, Scopus, PsycNET, CINHAL, INFORMIT, Web of Science [Science and Social Citation Index], OpenSigle and EMBASE) were searched, returning 54 full-text papers for assessment, with 13 studies meeting inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis.Results: A random effects meta-analysis showed that the combined effect of all interventions was moderate (ES = -0.53, 95% CIs [- 0.69, -0.36], p < .01), reflecting the efficacy of psychological interventions at improving sleep scores at post-intervention. Subgroup analyses of individual interventions showed that cognitive-behavioral interventions improved sleep (ES = -0.67, 95% CIs [-0.77, -0.57], p < .01) and secondary outcomes for anxiety (ES = -0.35, 95% CIs [-0.56, -0.15], p < .01) and depression (ES = -0.41, 95% CIs [-0.70, -0.13], p < .01) at post-intervention.Conclusion: The results of the current review support the implementation of cognitive and behavioral interventions for sleep among young adults experiencing both sleep and comorbid mental health problems.
DOI: 10.1080/15402002.2021.1876062
ORCID: 0000-0003-0065-6475
Journal: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
PubMed URL: 33554644
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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