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Title: Descending modulation of laryngeal vagal sensory processing in the brainstem orchestrated by the submedius thalamic nucleus.
Austin Authors: Mazzone, Stuart B;Bautista, Tara G;Verberne, Anthony J M ;Trewella, Matthew W;Farrell, Michael J;McGovern, Alice E
Affiliation: Department of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences and Monash Biomedical Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 Australia
Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
Medicine (University of Melbourne)
Issue Date: 2-Dec-2020
Date: 2020-10-28
Publication information: The Journal of Neuroscience 2020; 40(49): 9426-9439
Abstract: The nodose and jugular vagal ganglia supply sensory innervation to the airways and lungs. Jugular vagal airway sensory neurons wire into a brainstem circuit with ascending projections into the submedius thalamic nucleus (SubM) and ventrolateral orbital cortex (VLO), regions known to regulate the endogenous analgesia system. Here we investigate whether the SubM-VLO circuit exerts descending regulation over airway vagal reflexes in male and female rats using a range of neuroanatomical tracing, reflex physiology and chemogenetic techniques. Anterograde and retrograde neuroanatomical tracing confirmed connectivity of the SubM and VLO. Laryngeal stimulation in anesthetized rats reduced respiration, a reflex that was potently inhibited by activation of SubM. Conversely, inhibition of SubM potentiated laryngeal reflex responses, while prior lesions of VLO abolished the effects of SubM stimulation. In conscious rats, selective chemogenetic activation of SubM neurons specifically projecting to VLO significantly inhibited respiratory responses evoked by inhalation of the nociceptor stimulant capsaicin. Jugular vagal inputs to SubM via the medullary paratrigeminal nucleus were confirmed using anterograde transsynaptic conditional herpes viral tracing. Respiratory responses evoked by microinjections of capsaicin into the paratrigeminal nucleus were significantly attenuated by SubM stimulation, whereas those evoked via the nucleus of the solitary tract were unaltered. These data suggest jugular vagal sensory pathways input to a nociceptive thalamocortical circuit capable of regulating jugular sensory processing in the medulla. This circuit organization suggests an intersection between vagal sensory pathways and the endogenous analgesia system, potentially important for understanding vagal sensory processing in health and mechanisms of hypersensitivity in disease.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENTJugular vagal sensory pathways are increasingly recognized for their important role in defensive respiratory responses evoked from the airways. Jugular ganglia neurons wire into a central circuit that is notable for overlapping with somatosensory processing networks in the brain rather than the viscerosensory circuits in receipt of inputs from the nodose vagal ganglia. Here we demonstrate a novel and functionally relevant example of intersection between vagal and somatosensory processing in the brain. The findings of the study offer new insights into interactions between vagal and spinal sensory processing, including the medullary targets of the endogenous analgesia system, and offer new insights into the central processes involved in airway defense in health and disease.
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2430-20.2020
ORCID: 0000-0003-4126-8911
Journal: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
PubMed URL: 33115928
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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