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|Title:||Vehicle and Highway Adaptations to Compensate for Sleepy Drivers.|
|Authors:||Howard, Mark E;Cori, Jennifer M;Horrey, William J|
|Affiliation:||Traffic Research Group, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 607 14th Street Northwest, Suite 201, Washington, DC 20005, USA|
School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
|Citation:||Sleep medicine clinics 2019; 14(4): 479-489|
|Abstract:||Sleepiness remains a major contributor to road crashes. Driver monitoring systems identify early signs of sleepiness and alert drivers, using real-time analysis of eyelid movements, EEG activity, and steering control. Other vehicle adaptations warn drivers of lane departures or collision hazards, with higher vehicle automation actively taking over vehicle control to prevent run off the road incidents and institute emergency braking. Similarly, road adaptations warn drivers (rumble strips) or mitigate crash severity (barriers). Infrastructure to encourage drivers to use countermeasures, such as rest stops for napping, is also important. The effectiveness of adaptations varies for different road users.|
|Subjects:||Advanced driver assistance systems|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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