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Title: Associations between nutritional energy delivery, bioimpedance spectroscopy and functional outcomes in survivors of critical illness.
Austin Authors: Fetterplace, K;Beach, L J;MacIsaac, C;Presneill, J;Edbrooke, L;Parry, S M;Rechnitzer, T;Curtis, R;Berney, Susan C ;Deane, A M;Denehy, L
Affiliation: Department of Allied Health (Physiotherapy), Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Intensive Care Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Physiotherapy, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Department of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Allied Health (Clinical Nutrition), Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2019 2019-04-29
Publication information: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2019; 32(6): 702-712
Abstract: Patients who survive critical illness frequently develop muscle weakness that can impact on quality of life; nutrition is potentially a modifiable risk factor. The present study aimed to explore the associations between cumulative energy deficits (using indirect calorimetry and estimated requirements), nutritional and functional outcomes. A prospective single-centre observational study of 60 intensive care unit (ICU) patients, who were mechanically ventilated for at least 48 h, was conducted. Cumulative energy deficit was determined from artificial nutrition delivery compared to targets. Measurements included: (i) at recruitment and ICU discharge, weight, fat-free mass (bioimpedance spectroscopy) and malnutrition (Subjective Global Assessment score B/C); (ii) at awakening and ICU discharge, physical function (Physical Function in Intensive Care Test-scored) and muscle strength (Medical Research Council sum-score (MRC-SS). ICU-acquired weakness was defined as a MRC-SS score of less than 48/60. The median (interquartile range) cumulative energy deficit compared to the estimated targets up to ICU day 12 was 3648 (2514-5650) kcal. Adjusting for body mass index, age and severity of illness, cumulative energy deficit (per 1000 kcal) was independently associated with greater odds of ICU-acquired weakness [odds ratio (OR) = 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4-3.3, P = 0.001] and malnutrition (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.1-3.2, P = 0.02). In similar multivariable linear models, cumulative energy deficit was associated with reductions in fat-free mass (-1.3 kg; 95% CI = -2.4 to -0.2, P = 0.02) and physical function scores (-0.6 points; 95% CI = -0.9 to -0.3, P = 0.001). Cumulative energy deficit from artificial nutrition support was associated with reduced functional outcomes and greater loss of fat-free mass in ventilated ICU patients.
DOI: 10.1111/jhn.12659
ORCID: 0000-0002-1094-1619
PubMed URL: 31034122
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: bioimpedance spectroscopy, critical care
enteral nutrition
indirect calorimetry
muscle strength
nutrition support
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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