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Title: The role of the Mirena Intrauterine Device(LNG-IUD) in the management of endometrial polyps - a Pilot Study.
Austin Authors: Chowdary, Prathima ;Maher, Peter;Ma, Tony;Newman, Marsali R ;Ellett, Lenore;Readman, Emma
Affiliation: Mercy Hospital for Women, Takapuna, Auckland, New Zealand
Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 2019
Date: 2018-12-24
Publication information: Journal of minimally invasive gynecology 2019; 26(7): 1297-1302
Abstract: To study the hypothesis that the LNG-IUD can have a role in the treatment of endometrial polyps confirmed at outpatient hysteroscopy in premenopausal women. Canadian task force classification - Level II1 (controlled trial which is not randomised) SETTING: Outpatient hysteroscopy PATIENTS: premenopausal women who had a polyp diagnosed at outpatient hysteroscopy INTERVENTIONS: Premenopausal women who had a polyp diagnosed at outpatient hysteroscopy and had a LNG-IUD inserted were booked for GA hysteroscopy and polypectomy through the standard booking process. A contemporaneous control was taken sequentially from the outpatient hysteroscopy database to match the case. Presence of polyp at hysteroscopy under General Anaesthetic. A total of 39 patients were included in the study, with 19 in the intervention group and 20 in the control group. The mean age was 43.6 (SD = 5.6) and 43.2 (SD = 8.1) in the two groups, respectively. No difference was found in time interval between the two procedures in the intervention and control groups (mean 92 vs 84 days, p=0.73). However, the proportion of polyps present at second procedure was significantly higher in the control group (80% vs 37%; relative risk (RR) 2.17; 95% CI [1.16, 4.07]; p=0.0062). Our case control study found that the LNG-IUD can have a role in the treatment of polyps for women who have heavy menstrual bleeding. This is the first study to show regression of endometrial polyps post treatment with LNG-IUD by direct visualisation at hysteroscopy.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmig.2018.12.013
Journal: Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
PubMed URL: 30590128
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Endometrial polyp
Levornogestrel intrauterine device
Outpatient hysteroscopy
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