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Title: Airway clearance techniques in neuromuscular disorders: A state of the art review.
Austin Authors: Chatwin, Michelle;Toussaint, Michel;Gonçalves, Miguel R;Sheers, Nicole ;Mellies, Uwe;Gonzales-Bermejo, Jesus;Sancho, Jesus;Fauroux, Brigitte;Andersen, Tiina;Hov, Brit;Nygren-Bonnier, Malin;Lacombe, Matthieu;Pernet, Kurt;Kampelmacher, Mike;Devaux, Christian;Kinnett, Kathy;Sheehan, Daniel;Rao, Fabrizio;Villanova, Marcello;Berlowitz, David J ;Morrow, Brenda M
Affiliation: Academic and Clinical Department of Sleep and Breathing and NIHR Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Sydney Street, London, UK
Centre for Home Mechanical Ventilation and Specialized Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases, Inkendaal Rehabilitation Hospital, Vlezenbeek, Belgium
Noninvasive Ventilatory Support Unit, Pulmonology Department, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine Department, São João University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Portugal
Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Victorian Respiratory Support Service,Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Departement of Pediatric Pulmonology and Sleep Medicine, Cystic Fibrosis Center Essen, University of Essen, Germany
Sorbonne Université, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, UMRS1158 Neurophysiologie Respiratoire Expérimentale et Clinique, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles Foix, Service de Pneumologie et Réanimation Médicale (Département "R3S"), Paris, France
Respiratory Care Unit, Respiratory Medicine Department, Hospital Clinico Universitario, Valencia, Institute of Health Research INCLIVA, Valencia, Spain
Pediatric Noninvasive Ventilation and Sleep Unit, Necker University Hospital, Paris, Paris Descartes University, Paris Research Unit INSERM U 955, Team 13, Creteil, France
Norwegian Centre of Excellence for Home Mechanical Ventilation, Thoracic Department and Department of Physiotherapy, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen Norway, Department of Clinical Science, Medical Faculty, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Dept of Peadiatric Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway and Norwegian Centre of Excellence for Home Mechanical Ventilation, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Karolinska Institutet, Functional Area Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy, Allied Health Professionals Function, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Adult Intensive Care Unit, Raymond Poincaré Hospital (AP-HP) Garches, France
Home Ventilation Service, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Direction des Actions Médicales, Paramédicales et Psychologiques, Association Française Contre Les Myopathies-Téléthon, 91000 EVRY, France
Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy, 401 Hackensack Ave 9th Floor, Hackensack, NJ 07601, United States
Respiratory Unit, Neuromuscular OmniCentre (NeMO), Neurorehabilitation, University of Milan, Niguarda Hospital, Milan, Italy
Neuromuscular Rehabilitation Unit, Nigrisoli Hospital, Viale Ercolani 7/b - 40125, Bologna, Italy
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape Town, Klipfontein Rd, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa
Assisted Breathing Center, Women and Children's Hospital of Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, United States
Issue Date: Mar-2018
Date: 2018-02-06
Publication information: Respiratory medicine 2018; 136: 98-110
Abstract: This is a unique state of the art review written by a group of 21 international recognized experts in the field that gathered during a meeting organized by the European Neuromuscular Centre (ENMC) in Naarden, March 2017. It systematically reports the entire evidence base for airway clearance techniques (ACTs) in both adults and children with neuromuscular disorders (NMD). We not only report randomised controlled trials, which in other systematic reviews conclude that there is a lack of evidence base to give an opinion, but also include case series and retrospective reviews of practice. For this review, we have classified ACTs as either proximal (cough augmentation) or peripheral (secretion mobilization). The review presents descriptions; standard definitions; the supporting evidence for and limitations of proximal and peripheral ACTs that are used in patients with NMD; as well as providing recommendations for objective measurements of efficacy, specifically for proximal ACTs. This state of the art review also highlights how ACTs may be adapted or modified for specific contexts (e.g. in people with bulbar insufficiency; children and infants) and recommends when and how each technique should be applied.
DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2018.01.012
ORCID: 0000-0003-2543-8722
Journal: Respiratory medicine
PubMed URL: 29501255
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Homecare
Neuromuscular disease
Non-invasive ventilation
Respiratory failure
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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