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Title: Use of an innovative personality-mindset profiling tool to guide culture-change strategies among different healthcare worker groups
Austin Authors: Grayson, M Lindsay ;Macesic, Nenad;Huang, G Khai;Bond, Katherine;Fletcher, Jason;Gilbert, Gwendolyn L;Gordon, David L;Hellsten, Jane F;Iredell, Jonathan;Keighley, Caitlin;Stuart, Rhonda L;Xuereb, Charles S;Cruickshank, Marilyn
Affiliation: Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Infectious Diseases
Hand Hygiene Australia
Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Infection Prevention and Control Department, Bendigo Health, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
Centre for Infectious Diseases & Microbiology, ICPMR Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, SA Pathology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Infection Control & Infectious Diseases Departments, Monash Health, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
XAX Pty. Ltd., Melbourne, Australia
Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Issue Date: 21-Oct-2015
Date: 2015-10-21
Publication information: PLoS One 2015; 10(10): e0140509
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Important culture-change initiatives (e.g. improving hand hygiene compliance) are frequently associated with variable uptake among different healthcare worker (HCW) categories. Inherent personality differences between these groups may explain change uptake and help improve future intervention design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used an innovative personality-profiling tool (ColourGrid┬«) to assess personality differences among standard HCW categories at five large Australian hospitals using two data sources (HCW participant surveys [PS] and generic institution-wide human resource [HR] data) to: a) compare the relative accuracy of these two sources; b) identify differences between HCW groups and c) use the observed profiles to guide design strategies to improve uptake of three clinically-important initiatives (improved hand hygiene, antimicrobial stewardship and isolation procedure adherence). RESULTS: Results from 34,243 HCWs (HR data) and 1045 survey participants (PS data) suggest that HCWs were different from the general population, displaying more individualism, lower power distance, less uncertainty avoidance and greater cynicism about advertising messages. HR and PS data were highly concordant in identifying differences between the three key HCW categories (doctors, nursing/allied-health, support services) and predicting appropriate implementation strategies. Among doctors, the data suggest that key messaging should differ between full-time vs part-time (visiting) senior medical officers (SMO, VMO) and junior hospital medical officers (HMO), with SMO messaging focused on evidence-based compliance, VMO initiatives emphasising structured mandatory controls and prestige loss for non-adherence, and for HMOs focusing on leadership opportunity and future career risk for non-adherence. DISCUSSION: Compared to current standardised approaches, targeted interventions based on personality differences between HCW categories should result in improved infection control-related culture-change uptake. Personality profiling based on HR data may represent a useful means of developing a national culture-change "blueprint" for HCW education.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140509
Journal: PLoS One
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Attitude of health personnel
Guideline adherence
Hand disinfection
Personality assessment
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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