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Title: Neuronal activation in the forebrain following electrical stimulation of the cuneiform nucleus in the rat: hypothalamic expression of c-fos and NGFI-A messenger RNA.
Austin Authors: Lam, W;Gundlach, Andrew L;Verberne, Anthony J M 
Affiliation: University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Jun-1997
Publication information: Neuroscience; 78(4): 1069-85
Abstract: Forebrain neuronal connections associated with the cardiovascular response to unilateral, low-intensity, electrical stimulation of the mesencephalic cuneiform nucleus were examined in the halothane-anesthetized and paralysed rat by in situ hybridization histochemistry using specific 35S-labelled oligonucleotides for detection of c-fos and nerve growth factor inducible-A gene (NGFI-A) messenger RNAs. Stimulation of the cuneiform nucleus led to increases in mean arterial pressure and heart rate, whereas no cardiovascular response was observed in animals stimulated in the inferior colliculus or in sham-operated animals [see concurrent mid- and hindbrain study [Lam W. et al. (1996) Neuroscience 71, 193-211]. Cuneiform nucleus stimulation was associated with increased c-fos and NGFI-A messenger RNA levels bilaterally in the ventromedial, dorsomedial and lateroanterior hypothalamic nuclei, lateral and anterior hypothalamic areas, and ipsilaterally in the medial amygdaloid nucleus, at levels significantly greater than those in inferior colliculus-stimulated, sham-operated and naive, unoperated animals. C-fos, but not NGFI-A, messenger RNA expression was increased bilaterally in the piriform cortex and subparafascicular thalamic nucleus. These results are consistent with the existence of direct and indirect projections between the cuneiform nucleus and the aforementioned activated areas, the functions of which may include the control of reproduction and metabolism, as well as cardiovascular regulation. The ipsilateral nature of responses in certain brain areas may be explained by the absence of decussating pathways and/or the presence of multisynaptic connections which attenuate bilateral signal transmission. The existence of structures that are known to receive afferent projections from the cuneiform nucleus, but that were not activated, may be explained by synaptic depolarization not reaching the threshold for immediate early gene expression or by a net inhibitory effect on innervated neurons. Characterization of these activated forebrain regions using other compatible labelling techniques should further elucidate the mechanisms by which these central nervous system structures are integrated in the response to stimulation of the cuneiform nucleus.
Gov't Doc #: 9174075
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
DNA-Binding Proteins.genetics
Early Growth Response Protein 1
Electric Stimulation
Gene Expression
Genes, Immediate-Early
Immediate-Early Proteins
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos.genetics
RNA, Messenger.metabolism
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Transcription Factors.genetics
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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