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Title: Medullary sympathoexcitatory neurons are inhibited by activation of the medial prefrontal cortex in the rat.
Austin Authors: Verberne, Anthony J M 
Affiliation: University of Melbourne, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Unit, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Apr-1996
Publication information: The American Journal of Physiology; 270(4 Pt 2): R713-9
Abstract: Electrical stimulation of the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) reduces arterial blood pressure. To investigate the mechanism of this response, the effects of electrical and chemical stimulation of the MPFC on splanchnic and lumbar sympathetic nerve discharge and on the discharges of barosensitive neurons of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) were studied in halothane-anesthetized rats. Electrical stimulation (20 Hz, 1 ms, 100 and sympathoinhibitory responses (reduced discharge of the splanchnic sympathetic nerve). Microinjection of glutamate (10 nmol/100 nl) into the MPFC also reduced arterial blood pressure and sympathetic discharge. Electrical stimulation (0.5 Hz, 1-ms pulse pairs, 3-ms interval, 150-300 microA) produced distinct patterns of splanchnic and lumbar sympathetic nerve discharge. A clear sympathoinhibitory phase with an onset latency of 146 +/- 14 ms was observed only in the case of the splanchnic sympathetic nerve activity. Electrical stimulation at depressor sites within the MPFC also inhibited the discharge of 10 of 21 RVLM barosensitive neurons tested. RVLM neurons were never excited by MPFC stimulation. These results indicate that the MPFC contains neurons that form part of a central sympathoinhibitory pathway.
Gov't Doc #: 8967398
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Blood Pressure.physiology
Electric Stimulation
Medulla Oblongata.cytology.physiology
Motor Neurons.physiology
Neural Inhibition
Prefrontal Cortex.physiology
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Sympathetic Nervous System.cytology.physiology
Vasomotor System.physiology
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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