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Title: Familial resemblance and diversity in bone mass and strength in the population are established during the first year of postnatal life.
Austin Authors: Wang, Qingju;Alén, Markku;Lyytikäinen, Arja;Xu, Leiting;Tylavsky, Fran A;Kujala, Urho M;Kröger, Heikki;Seeman, Ego ;Cheng, Sulin
Affiliation: Endocrine Centre, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2010
Publication information: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : the Official Journal of the American Society For Bone and Mineral Research; 25(7): 1512-20
Abstract: Familial resemblance and diversity in bone structure and strength in adulthood are determined in part during growth. Whether these characteristics are established during gestation or shortly after birth is not known. Total-body, lumbar spine, and femoral neck size and mass and indices of tibial bending strength and distal radial compressive strength were measured using bone densitometry and quantitative computed tomography in 236 girls at 18.5 years of age. Among them, 219, 141, and 105 girls had crown-heel length (CHL) and weight recorded at birth and at 6 and 12 months of age, and then height and weight were recorded at 3, 5, 10, 13, and 15 years of age in 181, 176, 127, 111, and 228 girls, respectively. Of these girls, 101 and 93 girls also had bone structure assessed at 11 and 13 years of age, respectively. Similar bone measurements were made once in 78 mother-father pairs. CHL and weight at birth did not correlate or did so weakly with bone traits in girls at 18 years of age. By contrast, CHL at 6 months correlated with the height, bone traits, and strength at puberty and at 18 years of age (r = 0.24-0.56, p < .001) in girls and with their parents' height and bone traits (r = 0.15-0.37, p < .05). When the girls' CHL at 6 months was stratified into quartiles, the absolute and relative differences in bone traits observed at puberty (approximately 11.5 years) were maintained as these traits tracked during the ensuing 7 years. Similarly, weight at 6 months correlated with the girls' bone traits at puberty and 18 years of age (r = 0.22-0.55, p < .05). During puberty and at 18 years of age, the girls' bone traits correlated with the corresponding traits in their parents (r = 0.32-0.43, p < .01). It is concluded that familial resemblance in bone structural strength and the position of an individual's bone traits relative to others in adulthood are likely to be established during the first year of life. Thus susceptibility to bone fragility late in life has its antecedents established early in life.
Gov't Doc #: 20200961
DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.45
Journal: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adolescent
Bone Density
Bone and Bones.physiology
Infant, Newborn
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