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Title: Increased glucose production in mice overexpressing human fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase in the liver.
Austin Authors: Visinoni, Sherley;Fam, Barbara C;Blair, Amy R;Rantzau, Christian;Lamont, Benjamin J;Bouwman, Russell;Watt, Matthew J;Proietto, Joseph ;Favaloro, Jenny M;Andrikopoulos, Sofianos
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Austin Health and Northern Health, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg Heights, Australia
Issue Date: 9-Sep-2008
Publication information: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 2008; 295(5): E1132-41
Abstract: Increased endogenous glucose production (EGP) predominantly from the liver is a characteristic feature of type 2 diabetes, which positively correlates with fasting hyperglycemia. Gluconeogenesis is the biochemical pathway shown to significantly contribute to increased EGP in diabetes. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) is a regulated enzyme in gluconeogenesis that is increased in animal models of obesity and insulin resistance. However, whether a specific increase in liver FBPase can result in increased EGP has not been shown. The objective of this study was to determine the role of upregulated liver FBPase in glucose homeostasis. To achieve this goal, we generated human liver FBPase transgenic mice under the control of the transthyretin promoter, using insulator sequences to flank the transgene and protect it from site-of-integration effects. This resulted in a liver-specific model, as transgene expression was not detected in other tissues. Mice were studied under the following conditions: 1) at two ages (24 wk and 1 yr old), 2) after a 60% high-fat diet, and 3) when bred to homozygosity. Hemizygous transgenic mice had an approximately threefold increase in total liver FBPase mRNA with concomitant increases in FBPase protein and enzyme activity levels. After high-fat feeding, hemizygous transgenics were glucose intolerant compared with negative littermates (P < 0.02). Furthermore, when bred to homozygosity, chow-fed transgenic mice showed a 5.5-fold increase in liver FBPase levels and were glucose intolerant compared with negative littermates, with a significantly higher rate of EGP (P < 0.006). This is the first study to show that FBPase regulates EGP and whole body glucose homeostasis in a liver-specific transgenic model. Our homozygous transgenic model may be useful for testing human FBPase inhibitor compounds with the potential to treat patients with type 2 diabetes.
Gov't Doc #: 18780768
DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.90552.2008
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Blood Glucose.metabolism
Body Weight.drug effects
Dietary Fats.administration & dosage.pharmacology
Eating.drug effects
Gene Expression
Glucose Intolerance
Hypothalamus.drug effects.metabolism
Insulin Resistance
Liver.drug effects.metabolism
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Mice, Transgenic
Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (GTP).metabolism
Pyruvic Acid.metabolism
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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