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Title: Patency of the radial artery graft: angiographic study in 209 symptomatic patients operated between 1995 and 2002 and review of the current literature.
Austin Authors: Shah, Pallav J;Seevanayagam, Siven ;Rosalion, Alexander;Gordon, Ian R;Fuller, John A;Raman, Jai S ;Durairaj, Manoj;Buxton, Brian F 
Affiliation: Department of Cardiac Surgery, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2004
Publication information: Heart, Lung & Circulation; 13(4): 379-83
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to define the long-term patency of the radial artery (RA) graft and review the current literature.Two hundred and eighty-six RA symptom-directed graft angiograms were studied in 209 patients. The preoperative patient characteristics and intraoperative variables were collected prospectively from patients who had primary coronary artery bypass grafting between 1995 and 2002. A total of 166 (79%) patients were male with a mean age of 65 years. The mean period from operation to re-angiogram was 35 months. Actuarial techniques are not valid in graft patency studies as the time when the graft occluded is not known. Therefore, RA patency was analyzed at four categorical time intervals. The RA was grafted to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) in six patients (2%), diagonal (DIAG) in 29 (10%), obtuse marginal (OM) in 166 (58%), right coronary artery (RCA) in 9 (3%) and posterior descending artery (PDA) in 76 (27%) cases. The graft failure was defined as >or=80% stenosis.A total of 259 (91%) grafts were patent and 26 (9%) had failed. Most grafts were widely patent or occluded. The LAD/DIAG patency was 30/35 (86%), OM patency 154/166 (93%) and RCA/PDA patency 79/84 (94%). The interval from surgery to angiogram did not affect the RA graft patency (86% at <1 year, 95% at 1-3 years, 89% at 4-5 years, 96% at >5 years).Even in a patient cohort with adverse symptoms, excellent RA patency was achieved that remained almost constant through all time intervals studied. Better selection, harvesting and preservation may further improve early patency.
Gov't Doc #: 16352221
DOI: 10.1016/j.hlc.2004.08.005
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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