Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Imaging the ischemic penumbra with 18F-fluoromisonidazole in a rat model of ischemic stroke.
Austin Authors: Saita, Kazuko;Chen, Michelle;Spratt, Neil J;Porritt, Michelle J;Liberatore, Gabriel T;Read, Stephen J;Levi, Christopher R;Donnan, Geoffrey A ;Ackermann, Uwe ;Tochon-Danguy, Henri J ;Sachinidis, John I;Howells, David William
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Austin Health, The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia toria, Australia
Issue Date: 11-Mar-2004
Publication information: Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation 2004; 35(4): 975-80
Abstract: The ischemic penumbra is a major focus of stroke research. 18F-fluoromisonidazole (18F-FMISO), a positron emission tomography (PET) marker of hypoxic cells, has shown promise as a technique to image the penumbra in humans. Our aim was to delineate the pattern of 18F-FMISO binding in a rat middle cerebral artery transient thread-occlusion model, and correlate this with tissue outcome at 24 hours. We hypothesized that the pattern of 18F-FMISO binding would mimic that seen in humans.Thirty-eight rats underwent 2 hours transient middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion, and then received 18F-FMISO at time points from 0.5 to 22 hours post-MCA occlusion and were killed 2 hours later. Autoradiographic assessment of 18F-FMISO binding and assessment (triphenyltetrazolium chloride) of the area of infarction were performed on tissue slices.Until 1 hour after MCA occlusion, 18F-FMISO binding was increased in the entire MCA territory, with little or no infarction visible. Over the next 5 hours, the pattern of binding evolved to a small rim of intensely binding tissue surrounding the infarct core, which itself showed reduced binding compared with the contralateral hemisphere. By 24 hours, there was minimal accumulation of 18F-FMISO binding and a large area of infarction.The pattern of 18F-FMISO binding rats reproduced the pattern seen in humans, consistent with this tracer being a marker of the ischemic penumbra in both species. This technique may have application in studying the ischemic penumbra in animal models, and correlating this with similar studies in humans.
Gov't Doc #: 15017016
DOI: 10.1161/
Journal: Stroke
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Brain Ischemia.pathology.radionuclide imaging
Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery.pathology.radionuclide imaging
Misonidazole.analogs & derivatives.analysis
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Stroke.pathology.radionuclide imaging
Tomography, Emission-Computed
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

Show full item record

Page view(s)

checked on May 28, 2024

Google ScholarTM


Items in AHRO are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.