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Title: Additive effects of hypertension and diabetes on renal cortical expression of PKC-alpha and -epsilon and alpha-tubulin but not PKC-beta 1 and -beta 2.
Austin Authors: Osicka, Tanya M;Russo, Leileata M;Qiu, Mei-Lan;Brammar, Gail C;Thallas, Vicki;Forbes, Josephine M;Comper, Wayne D;Jerums, George 
Affiliation: Endocrine Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2003
Publication information: Journal of Hypertension; 21(12): 2399-407
Abstract: This study examined the separate and combined effects of hypertension and diabetes on renal cortical expression of protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms -beta 1, -beta 2, -alpha and -epsilon, to determine whether albuminuria is the result of an increase in the expression of one or a combination of PKC isoforms. Corresponding changes in renal microtubules were also assessed.Diabetes (D) was induced in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) by streptozotocin. After 24 weeks, PKC expression was determined by Western blot and microtubules were assessed by immunohistochemistry for alpha-tubulin protein.Diabetes was characterized by significant increases in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) as compared to controls (C). There was a significant increase of three- to four-fold in PKC protein content for all four isoforms in renal cortex from SHR-C and WKY-D, and similar and significant levels of albuminuria (approximately 10 mg/24 h) observed in these groups in comparison to WKY-C (approximately 1 mg/24 h). Interestingly, PKC-alpha and -epsilon but not PKC-beta 1 and -beta 2 protein content was doubled in SHR-D, and albuminuria increased tenfold (approximately 100 mg/24 h) in comparison to SHR-C and WKY-D. These changes were paralleled by a significant decrease in alpha-tubulin protein content of approximately 50% in SHR-C and approximately 33% in WKY-D compared to WKY-C, with a further decrease of approximately 67% in SHR-D compared to WKY-C.These findings indicate that PKC expression can be increased by either diabetes or hypertension, and that there are further specific increases in the expression of PKC isoforms -alpha and -epsilon in the model of combined diabetes and hypertension. In addition, the degree of disruption in microtubular cytoskeleton appears to be correlated with PKC activation and levels of albuminuria.
Gov't Doc #: 14654761
DOI: 10.1097/01.hjh.0000098145.70956.46
Journal: Journal of Hypertension
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Albuminuria.metabolism.physiopathology
Biological Markers.analysis
Blood Pressure.physiology
Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental.metabolism.physiopathology
Disease Models, Animal
Kidney Cortex.enzymology
Models, Cardiovascular
Protein Kinase C.biosynthesis
Protein Kinase C beta
Protein Kinase C-alpha
Protein Kinase C-epsilon
RNA, Messenger.biosynthesis
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred WKY
Renal Circulation.physiology
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