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Title: Generation of anti-idiotype antibodies for application in clinical immunotherapy laboratory analyses.
Austin Authors: Liu, Zhanqi;Panousis, Con;Smyth, Fiona E;Murphy, Roger;Wirth, Veronika;Cartwright, Glenn A;Johns, Terrance G;Scott, Andrew M 
Affiliation: Tumor Targeting Laboratory, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Melbourne Tumor Biology Branch, Austin & Repatriation Medical Centre, 145-164 Studley Road, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2003
Publication information: Hybridoma and Hybridomics; 22(4): 219-28
Abstract: The chimeric monoclonal antibody ch806 specifically targets the tumor-associated mutant epidermal growth factor receptor (de 2-7EGFR or EGFRVIII) and is currently under investigation for its potential use in cancer therapy. The humanised monoclonal antibody hu3S193 specifically targets the Lewis Y epithelial antigen and is currently in Phase I clinical trials in patients with advanced breast, colon, and ovarian carcinomas. To assist the clinical evaluation of ch806 and hu3S193, laboratory assays are required to monitor their serum pharmacokinetics and quantitate any immune responses to the antibodies. Mice immunized with ch806 or hu3S193 were used to generate hybridomas producing antibodies with specific binding to ch806 or hu3S193 and competitive for antigen binding. These anti-idiotype antibodies (designated Ludwig Melbourne Hybridomas, LMH) were investigated as reagents suitable for use as positive controls for HAHA or HACA analyses and for measuring hu3S193 or ch806 in human serum. Anti-idiotypes with the ability to concurrently bind two target antibody molecules were identified, which enabled the development of highly reproducible, sensitive, specific ELISA assays for determining serum concentrations of hu3S193 and ch806 with a 3 ng/mL limit of quantitation using LMH-3 and LMH-12, respectively. BIAcore analyses determined high apparent binding affinity for both idiotypes: LMH-3 binding immobilized hu3S193, Ka = 4.76 x 10(8) M(-1); LMH-12 binding immobilised ch806, Ka = 1.74 x 10(9) M(-1). Establishment of HAHA or HACA analysis of sera samples using BIAcore was possible using LMH-3 and LMH-12 as positive controls for quantitation of immune responses to hu3S193 or ch806 in patient sera. These anti-idiotypes could also be used to study the penetrance and binding of ch806 or hu3S193 to tumor cells through immunohistochemical analysis of tumor biopsies. The generation of anti-idiotype antibodies capable of concurrently binding a target antibody on each variable domain provides reagents with high sensitivity for the assessment of safety and pharmacokinetic profiles of target antibodies administered clinically.
Gov't Doc #: 14511567
DOI: 10.1089/153685903322328947
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic.biosynthesis.therapeutic use
Antibody Affinity
Cell Line, Tumor
Clone Cells.immunology
Cloning, Molecular
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Lewis Blood-Group System.immunology
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Recombinant Fusion Proteins.metabolism.pharmacokinetics
Reproducibility of Results
Surface Plasmon Resonance
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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