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Title: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for complicated gallstone disease.
Austin Authors: Fletcher, D R;Jones, Robert M ;O'Riordan, B;Hardy, Kenneth John
Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 8-Jul-1992
Publication information: Surgical Endoscopy; 6(4): 179-82
Abstract: After performing selectively 25 laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC) to determine the place of LC in the management of complicated gallstones, all patients presenting with gallstones were evaluated by the authors for LC. Eighty-six consecutive patients were evaluated and 84 were studied. Follow-up in every case exceeded 6 months. In three of 10 patients with acute cholecystitis, LC was not possible; each had a history longer than 48 h and all had gangrene of the gallbladder. In four patients with empyema, LC was successful, but operative cholangiography failed. Operative cholangiography was successful in 76 of the remaining 77. Of eight patients suspected of having stones in the CBD, cholangiography excluded stones in six and confirmed them in two. Cholangiography identified three other patients with totally unsuspected CBD stones. Of the five patients with CBD stones, four had them flushed to the duodenum at LC following transcystic balloon dilatation of the papilla and one had a post-op. ERCP. Of four patients with acute pancreatitis, three had LC in the same admission. LC was possible in all three patients with morbid obesity. We conclude that with experience, LC is possible for complicated gallstones. In acute cholecystitis, the probability of success is higher with earlier operative intervention. Operative cholangiography is essential. It not only identifies unsuspected CBD stones but also allows LC without ERCP in those with suspected CBD stones and with modification it allows treatment of those stones.
Gov't Doc #: 1387734
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Acute Disease
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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