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Title: Outcome of endovascular intervention for infrainguinal vein graft stenosis.
Austin Authors: Tong, Y ;Matthews, P G;Royle, J P
Affiliation: Vascular Surgery Unit, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2002
Publication information: Cardiovascular Surgery (london, England); 10(6): 545-50
Abstract: Assisted graft patency rate following revision of a graft stenosis is far better than that following thrombectomy of an occluded graft. Graft revision by endovascular means has been proposed as a suitable alternative to more invasive surgery. This study reports our experience with endovascular treatment of vein graft stenosis. Between December 1992 and September 2000, percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTA) was performed on 90 vein graft stenoses in 87 infrainguinal vein bypass grafts identified by routine graft duplex scan (peak systolic velocity, PSV > 300 cm/sec). All 90 stenoses treated by PTA were retrospectively analysed for stenosis-free patency rate (life-table analysis). Re-stenosis was defined by PSV exceeding 300 cm/sec at the same site of the vein graft where a stenosis was dilated. Ninety vein graft stenoses (72 primary stenoses and 18 recurrent stenoses) in 33 femoropopliteal (above knee), 30 femoropopliteal (below knee) and 24 femorotibial vein bypass grafts were treated by PTA. The timing of PTA ranged from one to 252 months (mean, 23.9 months) from the initial surgery. Cumulative stenosis-free patency rate after PTA was 55.8% at 6 months, 54.0% at one year and 45.0% at three years. Stenosis-free patency rate at six months was significantly lower for revision of recurrent stenosis (25.9%) than for primary stenosis (61.6%) (P = 0.01). The revision of duplex scan detected vein graft stenosis with endovascular intervention was associated with an acceptable stenosis-free patency rate. However, recurrent stenosis treated by PTA had a significantly inferior outcome. Direct surgical revision would be more appropriate for recurrent lesions.
Gov't Doc #: 12453684
Journal: Cardiovascular surgery (London, England)
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adult
Aged, 80 and over
Angioplasty, Balloon.methods
Follow-Up Studies
Graft Occlusion, Vascular.therapy.ultrasonography
Inguinal Canal
Leg.blood supply
Life Tables
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
Vascular Patency
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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