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Title: Absence of ocular manifestations in autosomal dominant Alport syndrome associated with haematological abnormalties.
Austin Authors: Colville, D;Wang, Y Y;Jamieson, Gary P;Collins, F;Hood, J;Savige, Judy A
Affiliation: Ophthalmology Unit, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, University of Melbourne Department of Medicine, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2000
Publication information: Ophthalmic Genetics; 21(4): 217-25
Abstract: Most patients with Alport syndrome have X-linked or autosomal recessive disease that is characterised by renal failure, hearing loss, and, in nearly 75% of the cases, a dot-and-fleck retinopathy and anterior lenticonus. There are only case reports of individuals with the rare autosomal dominant form, who can have haematuria or renal failure, deafness, and, in addition, low platelet counts and neutrophil inclusions. The ocular features of autosomal dominant inheritance have not been described. We have examined the eyes in the members of two families where Alport syndrome was diagnosed on the basis of the clinical features and family history, and where autosomal dominant inheritance was confirmed by father-to-son disease transmission, the associated haematological abnormalities, and haplotypes that segregated with the recently described locus at chromosome 22q. In Family A, the eyes of two individuals with haematuria, hearing loss, and haematological abnormalities and of nine unaffected family members were examined. In Family B, the eyes of two individuals with renal failure, normal hearing, and haematological abnormalities were examined. None of the affected or unaffected members in either family had a dot-and-fleck retinopathy, anterior lenticonus, a history suggesting recurrent corneal erosions, or corneal dystrophy. These results indicate that the protein abnormality in autosomal dominant Alport syndrome does not produce the retinopathy and lenticonus typical of X-linked and autosomal recessive disease. This may be because the abnormal protein is not present or is less important in the ocular basement membranes than elsewhere, or because the presence of a normal allele in autosomal dominant disease compensates for the defective allele.
Gov't Doc #: 11135492
Journal: Ophthalmic genetics
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adolescent
Aged, 80 and over
Chromosome Mapping
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22.genetics
Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary.diagnosis.etiology
Genes, Dominant
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural.diagnosis.genetics
Hematologic Diseases.complications.diagnosis.genetics
Lens Diseases.diagnosis.etiology
Middle Aged
Nephritis, Hereditary.complications.diagnosis.genetics
Retinal Diseases.diagnosis.etiology
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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