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Title: Impaired elimination of propranolol due to right heart failure: drug clearance in the isolated liver and its relationship to intrinsic metabolic capacity.
Austin Authors: Ng, C Y;Ghabrial, Hany;Morgan, Denis J;Ching, M S;Smallwood, R A;Angus, Peter W 
Affiliation: Medicine (University of Melbourne)
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2000
Publication information: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals; 28(10): 1217-21
Abstract: It is unclear if reduced hepatic drug elimination in congestive heart failure is primarily due to impairment of enzyme function as a result of tissue hypoxia, to the direct effects of hepatic congestion, or to changes intrinsic to the liver, such as reductions in enzyme content and activity. We therefore compared propranolol clearance in perfused rat livers from animals with right ventricular failure (RVF) with that from control animals. Despite the fact that both groups were perfused at comparable flow rates, perfusion pressures, and levels of oxygen delivery, hepatic extraction of propranolol was significantly reduced in RVF livers (0.688 +/- 0.122 versus 0.991 +/- 0.006 ml/min/g of liver in controls, P <.001). This effect was reflected in a 97% reduction in propranolol intrinsic clearance in RVF livers (5 +/- 4 versus 172 +/- 82 ml/min/g of liver in controls, P <.01). In RVF livers, total hepatic CYP expression was reduced by 19% compared with controls, whereas cytochrome P450 isoenzymes 1A1/2 and 2D1 were reduced by 41 and 26%, respectively. Despite the 97% reduction in propranolol intrinsic clearance in perfused RVF liver, intrinsic clearance in microsomal preparations from the same livers was reduced by only 48% compared with controls (P <.05). These findings suggest that impaired propranolol clearance in RVF is not primarily accounted for by reduced hepatic oxygen delivery or by changes in hepatic content and activity of drug-metabolizing enzymes.
Journal: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System.metabolism
Disease Models, Animal
Heart Failure.metabolism.physiopathology
Heart Ventricles.metabolism.pathology
In Vitro Techniques
Metabolic Clearance Rate
Microsomes, Liver.metabolism
Pulmonary Artery.physiology
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Vasodilator Agents.metabolism.pharmacokinetics
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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