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Title: Risk factors for lacunar stroke: a case-control transesophageal echocardiographic study.
Austin Authors: Kazui, S;Levi, Christopher R;Jones, Elizabeth F ;Quang, L;Calafiore, Paul ;Donnan, Geoffrey A 
Affiliation: National Stroke Research Institute, Austin & Repatriation Medical Centre, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 28-Mar-2000
Publication information: Neurology; 54(6): 1385-7
Abstract: To reassess the independent risk factors for lacunar stroke and to clarify the role of potential embolic sources, we conducted a case-control study using transesophageal echocardiography and duplex ultrasonography. Among 62 consecutive patients with their first lacunar stroke and 202 normal controls, we found that hypertension (p < 0.001), smoking (p = 0.001), and aortic arch atheroma (p = 0.006) were independently associated with an increased risk of lacunar stroke. Whether proximal aortic arch atheroma is mechanistically associated with lacunar stroke or merely coexistent is uncertain.
Gov't Doc #: 10746618
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Aged
Case-Control Studies
Echocardiography, Transesophageal
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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