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Title: Management of hepatic hydropericardium with open drainage, maximal medical therapy and terlipressin.
Austin Authors: Ermongkonchai, Tai;Ha, Phil;French, Janine 
Affiliation: Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Issue Date: 12-Jan-2024
Date: 2024
Publication information: BMJ Case Reports 2024-01-12; 17(1)
Abstract: We present the case of a woman in her 60s with Child-Pugh C cirrhosis who developed pericardial tamponade during an admission for a haemothorax secondary to a mechanical fall. The patient developed haemodynamic compromise with a rapid decline in renal function. During an open subxiphoid drain tube insertion, a pre-existing peritoneopericardial communication was noted, with ascites in the peritoneal cavity on view. The serum ascites albumin gradient was 14 g/L. Maximal medical therapy was commenced including diuresis and albumin, with adjunctive terlipressin infusion which restored her baseline renal function and resolved the effusion. We believe this is the first case report of using open drainage, maximal medical therapy and terlipressin to successfully treat hepatic hydropericardium and its subsequent renal compromise.
DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2023-256908
ORCID: 0000-0002-2210-5773
Journal: BMJ Case Reports
PubMed URL: 38216161
ISSN: 1757-790X
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Cirrhosis
Gastrointestinal system
Pericardial disease
Portal hypertension
Terlipressin/therapeutic use
Ascites/drug therapy
Liver Cirrhosis/complications
Pericardial Effusion/complications
Drainage/adverse effects
Lypressin/therapeutic use
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