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|Title:||Potential role for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) during in-hospital cardiac arrest in Australia: A nested cohort study.||Austin Authors:||Pound, G;Eastwood, Glenn M ;Jones, D;Hodgson, C L||Affiliation:||Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre (ANZIC-RC), School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
Physiotherapy Department, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.
|Issue Date:||Jun-2023||Date:||2023||Publication information:||Critical Care and Resuscitation : Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine 2023-06; 25(2)||Abstract:||This study aims to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of patients who fulfilled extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) selection criteria during in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). This is a nested cohort study. Code blue data were collected across seven hospitals in Australia between July 2017 and August 2018. Participants who fulfilled E-CPR selection criteria during IHCA were included. Return of spontaneous circulation and survival and functional outcome at hospital discharge. Functional outcome was measured using the modified Rankin scale, with scores dichotomised into good and poor functional outcome. Twenty-three (23/144; 16%) patients fulfilled E-CPR selection criteria during IHCA, and 11/23 (47.8%) had a poor outcome. Patients with a poor outcome were more likely to have a non-shockable rhythm (81.8% vs. 16.7%; p = 0.002), and a longer duration of CPR (median 12.5 [5.5, 39.5] vs. 1.5 [0.3, 2.5] minutes; p < 0.001) compared to those with a good outcome. The majority of patients (18/19 [94.7%]) achieved sustained return of spontaneous circulation within 15 minutes of CPR. All five patients who had CPR >15 minutes had a poor outcome. Approximately one in six IHCA patients fulfilled E-CPR selection criteria during IHCA, half of whom had a poor outcome. Non-shockable rhythm and longer duration of CPR were associated with poor outcome. Patients who had CPR for >15 minutes and a poor outcome may have benefited from E-CPR. The feasibility, effectiveness and risks of commencing E-CPR earlier in IHCA and among those with non-shockable rhythms requires further investigation.||URI:||https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/34125||DOI:||10.1016/j.ccrj.2023.05.006||ORCID:||Journal:||Critical Care and Resuscitation : Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine||Start page:||90||End page:||96||PubMed URL:||37876603||Type:||Journal Article||Subjects:||Cardiac arrest
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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