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Title: Preclinical radiolabeling, in vivo biodistribution and positron emission tomography of a novel pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD)-based antibody drug conjugate targeting ASCT2.
Austin Authors: Wichmann, Christian Werner;Burvenich, Ingrid Julienne Georgette;Guo, Nancy;Rigopoulos, Angela;McDonald, Alexander;Cao, Diana;O'Keefe, Graeme Joseph;Gong, Sylvia Jie;Gan, Hui K ;Scott, Fiona Elizabeth;Pore, Nabendu;Coats, Steven;Scott, Andrew Mark
Affiliation: Tumour Targeting Laboratory, Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia; School of Cancer Medicine, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute
School of Cancer Medicine, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
Molecular Imaging and Therapy
School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, La Trobe University, Australia.
Early Oncology Research and Development, AstraZeneca, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Medimmune LLC, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Issue Date: 14-Jul-2023
Date: 2023
Publication information: Nuclear Medicine and Biology 2023-07-14; 122-123
Abstract: Anti-ASCT2 antibody drug conjugate (ADC) MEDI7247 has been under development as a potential anti-cancer therapy for patients with selected relapsed/refractory hematological malignancies and advanced solid tumors by MedImmune. Although promising efficacy was observed in the clinic, pharmacokinetic (PK) analyses observed low exposure of MEDI7247 in phase I hematological patients. To investigate the biodistribution properties of MEDI7247, MEDI7247 and control antibodies were radiolabeled with zirconium-89 and in vitro and in vivo properties characterized. MEDI7247 (human anti-ASCT2 antibody conjugated with pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD)) and MEDI7519 (MEDI7247 without PBD drug conjugate) and an isotype control antibody drug conjugate construct were conjugated with p-isothiocyanatobenzyl-deferoxamine (Df) and radiolabeled with zirconium-89. In vitro studies included determining the radiochemical purity, protein integrity, immunoreactivity (Lindmo analysis), apparent antigen binding affinity for ASCT2-positive cells by Scatchard analysis and serum stability of the radiolabeled immunoconjugates. In vivo studies included biodistribution and PET/MRI imaging studies of the radiolabeled immunoconjugates in an ASCT2-positive tumor model, HT-29 colorectal carcinoma xenografts. Conditions for the Df-conjugation and radiolabeling of antibody constructs were determined to produce active radioimmunoconjugates. In vivo biodistribution and whole body PET/MRI imaging studies of [89Zr]Zr-Df-MEDI7519 and [89Zr]Zr-Df-MEDI7247 radioimmunoconjugates in HT-29 colon carcinoma xenografts in BALB/c nude mice demonstrated specific tumor localization. However, more rapid blood clearance and non-specific localization in liver was observed for [89Zr]Zr-Df-MEDI7247 and [89Zr]Zr-Df-MEDI7519 compared to isotype control ADC. Except for liver and bone, other normal tissues demonstrated clearance reflecting the blood clearance for all three constructs and no other abnormal tissue uptake. Preclinical biodistribution analyses of [89Zr]Zr-Df-MEDI7247 and [89Zr]Zr-Df-MEDI7519 showed the biodistribution pattern of anti-ASCT2 ADC MEDI7247 was similar to parental MEDI7519, and both antibodies showed specific tumor uptake compared to an isotype control ADC. This study highlights an important role nuclear medicine imaging techniques can play in early preclinical assessment of drug specificity as part of the drug development pipeline.
DOI: 10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2023.108366
Journal: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Start page: 108366
PubMed URL: 37473513
ISSN: 1872-9614
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: ASCT2
Antibody drug conjugate (ADC)
Pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD)
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