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Title: The role of the physical environment in stroke recovery: Evidence-based design principles from a mixed-methods multiple case study.
Austin Authors: Lipson-Smith, Ruby;Zeeman, Heidi;Muns, Leanne;Jeddi, Faraz;Simondson, Janine;Bernhardt, Julie
Affiliation: The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health
Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
Bendigo Health, Clinical Operations, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.
Bendigo Health, Department of Integrated Medicine, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.
St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Unit, St George's Hospital, Kew, Victoria, Australia.
Issue Date: 2023
Date: 2023
Publication information: PloS one 2023; 18(6)
Abstract: Hospital design can impact patient outcomes, but there is very little healthcare design evidence specific to stroke rehabilitation facilities. Our aim was to explore, from the patient perspective, the role of the physical environment in factors crucial to stroke recovery, namely, stroke survivor activity (physical, cognitive, social), sleep, emotional well-being, and safety. We conducted a mixed-methods multiple-case study at two inpatient rehabilitation facilities in Victoria, Australia, (n = 20 at Case 1, n = 16 at Case 2) using "walk-through" semi-structured interviews, behavioural mapping, questionnaires, and retrospective audit. Four interrelated themes emerged: 1) entrapment and escape; 2) power, dependency, and identity in an institutional environment; 3) the rehabilitation facility is a shared space; and 4) the environment should be legible and patient-centred. Quantitative data revealed patterns in patient activity; stroke survivors spent over 75% of their time in bedrooms and were often inactive. Convergent mixed methods analysis was used to generate a new conceptual model of the role of the physical environment in stroke survivors' behaviour and well-being, highlighting the importance of variety and interest, privacy without isolation, and patient-centred design. This model can be used by designers, healthcare providers, and policy makers to inform the design of rehabilitation environments.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0280690
ORCID: 0000-0002-1702-8144
Journal: PloS one
Start page: e0280690
PubMed URL: 37294748
ISSN: 1932-6203
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Stroke Rehabilitation/psychology
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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