Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/32761
Title: Surgical management of pressure ulcers in spinal cord injury patients.
Austin Authors: Adamson, Sarah Rose;Whitty, Sarah;Flood, Stephen;Neoh, Derek E ;Nunn, Andrew ;Clegg, Ben;Ng, Sally Kiu-Huen 
Affiliation: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Victorian Spinal Cord Service
Issue Date: May-2023
Date: 2023
Publication information: ANZ Journal of Surgery 2023-05; 93(5)
Abstract: Pressure ulcers (PU) are a common yet debilitating injury within the spinal cord injury (SCI) population. This retrospective data analysis is intended to identify the contributing factors, review the current management protocol, and risk of recurrence of PU in SCI patients at Victoria's state referral centre for traumatic spinal cord injuries. A retrospective audit of the medical records of SCI patients with pressure ulcers was conducted for the period of January 2016 to August 2021. Patients aged 18 years and older who presented for surgical management of their PU were included in the study. Among the 93 patients who met the inclusion criteria, there were a total of 195 surgeries for 129 PU. Ninety-seven percent were classified as grade of 3 or 4 and 53% had osteomyelitis on presentation. 58% were either current smokers or ex-smokers, and 19% were diabetic. Debridement alone was the most common type of surgical management (58%), followed by flap reconstruction (25%). Those who underwent flap reconstruction were admitted for 71 days longer, on average. 41% of the surgeries were associated with a post-operative complication, with the most prominent being an infection at 26%. Of the 129 PU, 11% recurred at least 4 months post initial presentation. There are a multitude of a factors that impact prevalence, surgical complications, and recurrence of PU. This study provides insight into these factors to review our current practices and optimize surgical outcomes in the management of PU in the SCI population.
URI: https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/32761
DOI: 10.1111/ans.18391
ORCID: 0000-0001-6581-6033
0000-0001-7332-627X
Journal: ANZ Journal of Surgery
PubMed URL: 37079802
ISSN: 1445-2197
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: management
pressure ulcers
recurrence
spinal cord injury
surgery
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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