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|Title:||The effect of early childhood respiratory infections and pneumonia on lifelong lung function: a systematic review.||Austin Authors:||Collaro, Andrew J;McElrea, Margaret S;Marchant, Julie M;Chatfield, Mark D;Sondergeld, Peter;Perret, Jennifer L ;Vicendese, Don;Anuntaseree, Wanaporn;Dharmage, Shyamali C;Chang, Anne B||Affiliation:||Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, NT, Australia
Library, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand.
Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, NT, Australia.
Institute for Breathing and Sleep
Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
|Issue Date:||7-Apr-2023||Date:||2023||Publication information:||The Lancet. Child & Adolescent Health 2023; 7(6)||Abstract:||Early childhood respiratory infections, including pneumonia, are an important global public health issue, with more than 40 million annual cases resulting in approximately 650 000 deaths. A growing number of published studies have examined the effects of early childhood lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) or pneumonia on lung function, particularly as part of large early-life exposure studies. To our knowledge, there is no published systematic review of these data. We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for studies published between database inception and May 12, 2022. Case-control, cohort, and cross-sectional studies were included if they reported forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) or forced vital capacity (FVC) values of participants older than 5 years. Article titles and abstracts were screened in Rayyan before retrieval, assessment, and data extraction of the full text. Primary outcome measures were differences in mean FEV1 or FVC values between exposed groups (ie, children aged ≤5 years with LRTIs) and non-exposed groups. This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42021265295. Database searches yielded 3070 articles, and 14 studies were included in this systematic review, providing a total of 23 276 participants, including 9969 children and 13 307 adults. Eight of 14 articles reported significant reductions in FEV1 values, and six of 12 studies reported reductions in FVC values in children and adults with a history of early childhood LRTIs or pneumonia, compared with unexposed controls (p<0·05). Most studies reporting reductions in lung function described deficits consistent with a restrictive spirometry pattern. Only two of 14 studies reported data from low-income and middle-income countries or disadvantaged populations in middle-income and high-income countries, and there were scarce data available on the effect of LRTI severity and recurrence on lung function. LRTIs in early childhood could be associated with a restrictive spirometry pattern in later childhood and adulthood. Data are needed from low-income and middle-income nations, and from disadvantaged populations in middle-income and high-income countries in which early childhood respiratory infection burden is disproportionately high. Data are also needed on the effect of LRTI severity and recurrence on future lung function.||URI:||https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/32718||DOI:||10.1016/S2352-4642(23)00030-5||ORCID:||Journal:||The Lancet. Child & Adolescent Health||PubMed URL:||37037210||ISSN:||2352-4650||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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checked on Dec 10, 2023
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