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Title: Global Stroke Statistics 2022.
Austin Authors: Thayabaranathan, Tharshanah;Kim, Joosup;Cadilhac, Dominique;Thrift, Amanda G;Donnan, Geoffrey A ;Howard, George;Howard, Virginia J;Rothwell, Peter M;Feigin, Valery L;Norrving, Bo;Owolabi, Mayowa;Pandian, Jeyaraj Durai;Liu, Liping;Olaiya, Muideen T
Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA..
Stroke and Ageing Research, Department of Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia 2541..
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA..
Melbourne Brain Centre, University of Melbourne, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia 443961..
Wolfson Centre for Prevention of Stroke and Dementia, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom 6396..
National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neurosciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand..
Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Neurology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden..
Center for Genomic and Precision Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria 58987..
Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India..
Department of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China 105738..
The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health
Issue Date: 17-Aug-2022
Date: 2022
Publication information: International Journal of Stroke : Official Journal of the International Stroke Society 2022; online first: 17 August
Abstract: Contemporary data on stroke epidemiology and the availability of national stroke clinical registries are important for providing evidence to improve practice and support policy decisions. To update the most current incidence, case-fatality and mortality rates on stroke, and identify national stroke clinical registries worldwide. We searched multiple databases (based on our existing search strategy) to identify new original papers, published between 1 November 2018 and 15 December 2021, that met ideal criteria for data on stroke incidence and case-fatality, and added these to the studies reported in our last review. To identify national stroke clinical registries, we updated our last search, using PubMed, from 6 February 2015 until 6 January 2022. We also screened reference lists of review papers, citation history of papers and the grey literature. Mortality codes for ICD-9 and ICD-10 were extracted from the World Health Organization (WHO) for each country providing these data. Population denominators were obtained from the United Nations (UN) or WHO (when data were unavailable in the UN database). Crude and adjusted stroke mortality rates were calculated using country-specific population denominators and the most recent years of mortality data available for each country. Since our last report in 2020, there were two countries (Chile and France) with new incidence studies meeting criteria for ideal population-based studies. New data on case-fatality were found for Chile and Kenya. The most current mortality data were available for the year 2014 (1 country), 2015 (2 countries), 2016 (11 countries), 2017 (10 countries), 2018 (19 countries), 2019 (36 countries), and 2020 (29 countries). Four countries (Libya, Solomon Islands, United Arab Emirates, and Lebanon) reported mortality data for the first time. Since our last report on registries in 2017, we identified seven more national stroke clinical registries, predominantly in high income countries. These newly identified registries yielded limited information. Up-to-date data on stroke incidence, case-fatality and mortality continues to provide evidence of disparities and the scale of burden in low- and middle-income countries. Although more national stroke clinical registries were identified, information from these newly identified registries were limited. Highlighting data scarcity or even where a country is ranked might help facilitate more research or greater policy attention in this field.
DOI: 10.1177/17474930221123175
ORCID: 0000-0003-2504-7772
Journal: International Journal of Stroke : Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
PubMed URL: 35975986
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Countries
Ischaemic stroke
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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