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Title: Exercise and colorectal cancer survival: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.
Austin Authors: Choy, Kay T ;Lam, Kenneth;Kong, Joseph C
Affiliation: Surgery
Division of Cancer Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia..
Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia..
Division of Cancer Surgery, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia..
Department of Surgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia..
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2022
Date: 2022
Publication information: International Journal of Colorectal Disease 2022; 37(8): 1751-1758
Abstract: The benefit of exercise to colorectal cancer patients has been advocated. However, comparative data to quantify the survival benefit is lacking. The aim of this review was to assess the effect of exercise on colorectal cancer survival. An up-to-date systematic review was performed on the available literature between 2000 and 2021 on PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, and Cochrane Library databases. All studies reporting on the impact of exercise and colorectal cancer outcomes in patients treated for non-metastatic colorectal cancer were analysed. The main outcome measures were the overall survival (OS), cancer specific survival (CSS) and disease free survival (DFS). A total of 13 prospective observational studies were included, accounting for 19,135 patients. Compared to negligible physical activity, overall survival (OS) was significantly increased for both moderate and highest activity group (HR 0.82, 95% CI: 0.74-0.90, p < 0.001 and HR 0.64, 0.56-0.72, p < 0.001 respectively). This was also reflected in cancer specific survival (CSS) analysis, but not disease-free survival (DFS) analysis. Exercise was associated with an increased in overall survival after a colorectal cancer resection. This would support the promotion of exercise interventions amongst colorectal cancer patients.
DOI: 10.1007/s00384-022-04224-5
Journal: International journal of colorectal disease
PubMed URL: 35882678
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Colorectal cancer survival
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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