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Title: Sex Differences in Mortality of ICU Patients According to Diagnosis-Related sex Balance.
Austin Authors: Modra, Lucy J ;Higgins, Alisa M;Pilcher, David V;Bailey, Michael J;Bellomo, Rinaldo 
Affiliation: University of Melbourne, Department of Critical Care, Parkville, Victoria, Australia..
Monash University, 2541, ANZIC-RC, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Clayton, Victoria, Australia..
The Alfred Hospital, The Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Prahran, Victoria, Australia..
The Royal Melbourne Hospital, 90134, Intensive Care Unit, Parkville, Victoria, Australia..
Intensive Care
Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society, 458785, Centre for Resource and Outcomes Evaluation, Camberwell, Victoria, Australia..
Issue Date: 18-Jul-2022
Date: 2022
Publication information: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2022; 206(11)
Abstract: Women have worse outcomes than men in several conditions more common in men, including cardiac surgery and burns. To describe the relationship between sex balance within each diagnostic group of ICU admissions; defined as the percentage of patients who were women; and hospital mortality of women compared to men with that same diagnosis. We studied ICU patients in the Australia and New Zealand Intensive Care Society's Adult Patient Database (2011-2020). We performed mixed effects logistic regression for hospital mortality adjusted for sex, illness severity, ICU lead-time, admission year, and hospital site. We compared sex balance with the adjusted hospital mortality of women compared to men for each diagnosis using weighted linear regression. There were 1,450,782 admissions (42.1% women), with no difference in the adjusted hospital mortality of women compared to men overall (odds ratio, 0.99; 99% CI, 0.97 to 1). As the percentage women within each diagnosis increased, the adjusted mortality of women compared to men with that same diagnosis decreased (regression coefficient, -0.015; 99% CI; -0.020 to -0.011; P < 0.001) and the illness severity of women compared to men at ICU admission decreased (regression coefficient, -0.0026; 99% CI, -0.0035 to -0.0018; p<0.001). Sex balance in diagnostic groups was inversely associated with both the adjusted mortality and illness severity of women compared to men. In diagnoses with relatively few women, women were more likely to die than men; in diagnoses with fewer men, men were more likely to die than women.
DOI: 10.1164/rccm.202203-0539OC
ORCID: 0000-0002-0062-3705
Journal: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
PubMed URL: 35849500
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: illness severity
sex factors
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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