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Title: Long-Term Impact of a Low-Cost Paediatric Intussusception Air Enema Reduction Simulation-Based Education Programme in a Low-Middle Income Country.
Austin Authors: Nataraja, R M;Yin Mar Oo, null;Ljuhar, D;Pacilli, M;Nyo Nyo Win, null;Stevens, Sean ;Aye Aye, null;Nestel, D
Affiliation: Surgery (University of Melbourne)
University of Melbourne Clinical School
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Urology and Surgical Simulation, Monash Children's Hospital, Clayton, Melbourne, VIC, 3168, Australia
School of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Department of Paediatrics, School of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Yangon Children's Hospital, Yangon, Myanmar
Issue Date: Feb-2022
Date: 2021-10-20
Publication information: World Journal of Surgery 2022; 46(2): 310-321
Abstract: Intussusception is one of the commonest causes of bowel obstruction in infants. Most infants in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) undergo an invasive operative intervention. Supported by simulation-based education (SBE), the Air Enema (AE) non-operative technique was introduced in 2016 in Myanmar. This study assesses the long-term outcomes. Mixed methods study design over 4 years including clinical outcomes and surgeon's attitudes towards the AE technique and SBE. Prospectively collected clinical outcomes and semi-structured interview with reflexive thematic analysis (RTA). Primary outcome measure was a long-term shift to non-operative intervention. Length of Stay (LoS), recurrence rates, intestinal resection rates, compared to the operative group. The data was analysed according to intention to treat. Quantitative data analysis with Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher's exact test, Student's T-Test or Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test utilised. A p-value of <.05 was considered significant. A total of 311 infants with intussusception were included. A sustained shift to AE was revealed with high success rates (86.1-91.2%). AE had a reduced LoS (4 vs. 7 days p ≤ 0.0001), Duration of Symptoms (DoS) was lower with AE (1.9/7 vs. 2.5/7, p = 0.002). Low recurrence rates (0-5.8%) and intestinal resection rates stabilised at 30.5-31.8% vs.15.3% pre-intervention. Four RTA themes were identified: Expanding conceptions of healthcare professional education and training; realising far reaching advantages; promoting critical analysis and reflective practice of clinicians; and adapting clinical practice to local context. RTA revealed an overall positive paradigm shift in attitudes and application of SBE. A sustained change in clinical outcomes and appreciation of the value of SBE was demonstrated following the intervention.
DOI: 10.1007/s00268-021-06345-4
ORCID: 0000-0003-4438-0263
Journal: World Journal of Surgery
PubMed URL: 34671841
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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