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Title: Interdisciplinary COPD intervention in primary care: a cluster randomised controlled trial.
Austin Authors: Liang, Jenifer;Abramson, Michael J;Russell, Grant;Holland, Anne E ;Zwar, Nicholas A;Bonevski, Billie;Mahal, Ajay;Eustace, Paula;Paul, Eldho;Phillips, Kirsten;Cox, Narelle S ;Wilson, Sally;George, Johnson
Affiliation: Institute for Breathing and Sleep
Discipline of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, Australia
School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
The Nossal Institute for Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Eastern Melbourne PHN (EMPHN), Melbourne, Australia
Lung Foundation Australia (LFA), Milton, Australia
Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Dept of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Dept of Infrastructure Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Southern Academic Primary Care Research Unit, Dept of General Practice, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Alfred Health, Melbourne, Australia
Issue Date: 25-Apr-2019 2019
Publication information: The European respiratory journal 2019; 53(4): 1801530.
Abstract: We evaluated the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary, primary care-based model of care for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in 43 general practices in Australia. Adults with a history of smoking and/or COPD, aged ≥40 years with two or more clinic visits in the previous year were enrolled following spirometric confirmation of COPD. The model of care comprised smoking cessation support, home medicines review (HMR) and home-based pulmonary rehabilitation (HomeBase). Main outcomes included changes in St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) score, COPD Assessment Test (CAT), dyspnoea, smoking abstinence and lung function at 6 and 12 months.We identified 272 participants with COPD (157 intervention, 115 usual care); 49 (31%) out of 157 completed both HMR and HomeBase. Intention-to-treat analysis showed no statistically significant difference in change in SGRQ at 6 months (adjusted between-group difference 2.45 favouring intervention, 95% CI -0.89-5.79). Per protocol analyses showed clinically and statistically significant improvements in SGRQ in those receiving the full intervention compared to usual care (difference 5.22, 95% CI 0.19-10.25). No statistically significant differences were observed in change in CAT, dyspnoea, smoking abstinence or lung function.No significant evidence was found for the effectiveness of this interdisciplinary model of care for COPD in primary care over usual care. Low uptake was a limitation.
DOI: 10.1183/13993003.01530-2018
ORCID: 0000-0003-3810-9143
Journal: The European respiratory journal
PubMed URL: 30792342
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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