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Title: COVID-19: Interim Guidance on Rehabilitation in the Hospital and Post-Hospital Phase from a European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society-coordinated International Task Force.
Austin Authors: Spruit, Martijn A;Holland, Anne E ;Singh, Sally J;Tonia, Thomy;Wilson, Kevin C;Troosters, Thierry
Affiliation: Institute for Breathing and Sleep..
REVAL-Rehabilitation Research Center, BIOMED-Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium..
KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium..
Pulmonary Rehabilitation, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium..
Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Department of Allergy, Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia..
Department of Physiotherapy, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Australia..
Department of Research and Development, CIRO, Horn, The Netherlands..
NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht, The Netherlands..
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), Maastricht, The Netherlands..
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland..
Department of Respiratory Science, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK..
Issue Date: 13-Aug-2020
Date: 2020
Publication information: The European respiratory journal 2020; 56(6): 2002197
Abstract: Patients with COVID-19 or post-COVID-19 will most probably have a need for rehabilitation during and directly after the hospitalisation. Data on safety and efficacy are lacking. Healthcare professionals cannot wait for published randomised controlled trials before they can start these rehabilitative interventions in daily clinical practice, as the number of post-COVID-19 patients increases rapidly. The Convergence of Opinion on Recommendations and Evidence process was used to make interim recommendation for the rehabilitation in the hospital and post-hospital phase in COVID-19 and post-COVID-19 patients, respectively. 93 experts were asked to fill out 13 multiple choice questions. Agreement of directionality was tabulated for each question. At least 70% agreement on directionality was necessary to make consensus suggestions. 76 experts (82%) reached consensus on all questions based upon indirect evidence and clinical experience on the need for early rehabilitation during the hospital admission, the screening for treatable traits with rehabilitation in all patients at discharge and 6-8 weeks after discharge, and around the content of rehabilitation for these patients. It advocates for assessment of oxygen needs at discharge and more comprehensive assessment of rehabilitation needs including physical as well as mental aspects 6-8 weeks after discharge. Based on the deficits identified multidisciplinary rehabilitation should be offered with attention for skeletal muscle and functional as well as mental restoration. This multinational task force recommends early, bedside rehabilitation for patients affected by severe COVID-19. The model of pulmonary rehabilitation may suit as a framework, particularly in a subset of patients with long term respiratory consequences.
DOI: 10.1183/13993003.02197-2020
ORCID: 0000-0003-3822-7430
Journal: The European respiratory journal
PubMed URL: 32817258
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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