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Title: PET Imaging of brain muscarinic receptors with 18F-Fluorobenzyl-Dexetimide: A first in human study.
Austin Authors: Rowe, Christopher C ;Krishnadas, Natasha ;Ackermann, Uwe ;Doré, Vincent ;Goh, Rachel Y W;Guzman, Rodney;Chong, Lee;Bozinovski, Svetlana ;Mulligan, Rachel S ;Kanaan, Richard A A ;Dean, Brian;Villemagne, Victor L 
Affiliation: The Florey Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3070, Australia
The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia
The Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, Victoria, 3122, Australia
Molecular Imaging and Therapy
Psychiatry (University of Melbourne)
The Australian e-Health Research Centre, CSIRO Health & Biosecurity, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia
Issue Date: 8-Aug-2021
Date: 2021
Publication information: Psychiatry Research. Neuroimaging 2021; 316: 111354
Abstract: M1 and M4 muscarinic receptor (mAChR) agonists are under development for the treatment of schizophrenia, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. We performed first-in-human PET imaging of mAChR with 18F-Fluorobenzyl-Dexetimide (FDEX) in 10 healthy participants (29.4±4.3yrs). Four underwent dynamic brain scanning for 240 min, and then six underwent static brain scans at 120 and 160-min post injection of 250 MBq of FDEX. Gjedde-Patlak graphical analysis was applied to determine the influx constant (Ki). Regional tissue ratios (SUVR) were calculated using the cerebellar cortex as the reference region. No adverse events were observed. The tracer showed good brain entry (∼4.2% ID at 5 min) but irreversible distribution kinetics over four hours in regions of high mAChR. Binding was consistent with the distribution of mAChR receptors with striatum > cortex > hippocampus >> thalamus >>> cerebellum with low variance in regional binding between subjects. Ki was 0.42±0.04 in the putamen, 0.27±0.01 in frontal cortex, 0.25±0.02 in the hippocampus and 0.10±0.01 in the thalamus. SUVR at 120 and 240 min. were highly correlated with these Ki values with R2 of 0.91 and 0.99 respectively. FDEX yields high quality brain images with uptake in the known distribution of mAChR with remarkably little variance between normal subjects.
DOI: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2021.111354
Journal: Psychiatry Research. Neuroimaging
PubMed URL: 34399286
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Brain distribution
Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors
Neuroreceptor imaging
Positron emission tomography
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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