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Title: Predicting primary treatment failure using interim FDG-PET scanning in Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Austin Authors: Wight, Joel C ;Wai, Shin Hnin;Shen, Edward;Lee, Sze Ting ;Berlangieri, Salvatore U ;Fancourt, Tineke ;Hawkes, Eliza A ;Hannah, Anthony;Leung, Teresa;Chong, Geoffrey 
Affiliation: The Northern Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Townsville University Hospital, Townsville, Australia
La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
Austin Health
Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute
Issue Date: 8-Jul-2021
Date: 2021-07-08
Publication information: European Journal of Haematology 2021; 107(4): 475-483
Abstract: Interim FDG-PET (iPET) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is increasingly practiced and used in clinical trials to adapt further therapy. However, the optimum timing and methodology of iPET remains controversial. We retrospectively analysed the iPET results and outcomes of 200 DLBCL patients where FDG-PET was routinely performed at baseline, after 2 cycles (iPET2) and at completion of chemoimmunotherapy. iPET was also performed after 4 cycles (iPET4) where iPET2 was Deauville score (DS) ≥4. Scans were assessed by blinded expert lymphoma PET physicians for DS, maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax), total metabolic tumour volume (TMTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). Treatment failure was defined as death, progression, or refractory disease. 95.5% of patients received R-CHOP. No baseline PET parameter predicted for EFS or OS independent of the NCCN-IPI. The multivariable analysis at iPET2 showed DS5 (19.5% of cases) predicted treatment failure (HR6.29, 95%CI 3.01 - 13.17, p<0.001) but DS4 was equivalent to DS1-3. At iPET4, ΔSUVmax <66% predicted treatment failure (HR 5.49, 95% CI 3.03-9.99, p<0.001). On multivariable analysis of all timepoints, high NCCN-IPI and DS5 at iPET2 were negative predictors for survival. These findings were independent of novel prognostic markers.
DOI: 10.1111/ejh.13684
ORCID: 0000-0002-3216-2392
Journal: European Journal of Haematology
PubMed URL: 34240453
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Interim PET
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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