Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/26601
Title: The Evolving Landscape of e-Cigarettes: A Systematic Review of Recent Evidence.
Austin Authors: Bozier, Jack;Chivers, Emily K;Chapman, David G;Larcombe, Alexander N;Bastian, Nicole A;Masso-Silva, Jorge A;Byun, Min Kwang;McDonald, Christine F ;Crotty Alexander, Laura E;Ween, Miranda P
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Critical Care & Sleep, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA; Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
Department of Thoracic Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia
School of Medicine, University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia
School of Life Sciences, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia
School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, WA, Australia
Respiratory and Sleep Medicine
Institute for Breathing and Sleep
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Critical Care & Sleep, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA..
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Critical Care & Sleep, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA; Pulmonary Critical Care Section, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA..
Issue Date: Jul-2020
Date: 2020-02
Publication information: Chest 2020; 157(5): 1362-1390
Abstract: Smoking continues to be a burden to economies and health-care systems across the world. One proposed solution to the problem has been e-cigarettes; however, because they are a relatively new product in the market, little is known about their potential health impacts. Furthermore, e-cigarettes continue to evolve at a rapid rate, making it necessary to regularly review and summarize available studies. Although e-cigarettes are marketed as a smoking cessation tool by some manufacturers, the reality is that many nonsmokers, including youth, are using them. This review focuses on two major demographic groups (smokers and nonsmokers) and evaluates the most recent data (early 2017 to mid 2019) regarding the potential health effects of e-cigarettes. We assessed peer-reviewed studies on the health impacts of e-cigarettes, with a particular focus on common questions asked by policy makers, clinicians, and scientists: (1) What are the effects of e-cigarettes compared with air/not smoking?; (2) Is there any direct evidence of harm or benefit to humans?; (3) Is there a risk from secondhand exposure?; (4) What are the risks and/or benefits of e-cigarettes compared with tobacco cigarette use?; (5) Are there risks or benefits to specific populations (eg, people with COPD or asthma, pregnant women [and their offspring])?; (6) What are the effects of flavoring chemicals?; (7) What are the effects of including nicotine in e-liquids?; (8) How often is nicotine concentration labeling incorrect?; and (9) What are the risks when e-cigarettes explode?
URI: https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/26601
DOI: 10.1016/j.chest.2019.12.042
Journal: Chest
PubMed URL: 32006591
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: cardiopulmonary
e-cigarette
health
vaping
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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