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Title: The Discrepancy between Knowledge of Sleep Recommendations and the Actual Sleep Behaviour of Australian Adults.
Austin Authors: Gupta, Charlotte C;Duncan, Mitch J;Ferguson, Sally A;Rebar, Amanda;Sprajcer, Madeline;Khalesi, Saman;Booker, Lauren A ;Binks, Hannah;Vincent, Grace E
Affiliation: University Department of Rural Health, La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University , Victoria, Australia
Institute for Breathing and Sleep
School of Medicine & Public Health; Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, University Drive , Australia
Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, University Drive , Adelaide, Australia
Appleton Institute, School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University , Adelaide, Australia
Issue Date: Nov-2021
Date: 2021-01-25
Publication information: Behavioral Sleep Medicine 2021; 19(6): 828-839
Abstract: Introduction: Inadequate sleep is a major public health concern, with large economic, health, and operational costs to Australia. Despite the implementation of public sleep health campaigns, approximately 40% of Australian adults do not obtain the recommended 7-9 hours of sleep. Thus, while people may know how much sleep is required, this knowledge may not be adequately translated to actual sleep behavior. Consequently, this study aims to examine the discrepancy between knowledge of sleep recommendations and self-reported sleep behaviors. Methods: A sample of 1265 Australian adults (54% female, aged 18-65) completed a phone interview as part of the 2017 National Social Survey and were asked questions about their knowledge of sleep guidelines and their actual sleep behavior. Binary logistic regression was used to determine the factors associated with awareness of sleep recommendations and whether this corresponded with reported sleep duration. Results: The final sample size was 998. Although 94% of the sample were aware of current sleep recommendations, 23% of participants did not self-report regularly obtaining 7-9 h sleep per night. These participants were less likely to want to obtain more sleep, less likely to view sleep as a priority before stressful events, and less likely to self-report good health. Conclusion: Although a majority of the sample were aware of sleep recommendations, almost a quarter of the participants' behavior did not align with their knowledge. Future sleep health campaigns should consider options beyond education, including emphasis on practical strategies and modifiable lifestyle factors to assist individuals to obtain the recommended amount of sleep.
DOI: 10.1080/15402002.2021.1876693
ORCID: 0000-0002-9682-7971
Journal: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
PubMed URL: 33492169
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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