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Title: The Health and Well-Being of Transgender Australians: A National Community Survey.
Austin Authors: Bretherton, Ingrid ;Thrower, Emily;Zwickl, Sav;Wong, Alex;Chetcuti, Daria;Grossmann, Mathis ;Zajac, Jeffrey D ;Cheung, Ada S 
Affiliation: Medicine (University of Melbourne)
Issue Date: Jan-2021
Date: 2020-12-09
Publication information: LGBT Health 2021; 8(1): 42-49
Abstract: Purpose: Transgender, including gender diverse and nonbinary (trans), people experience significant health disparities. We aimed to better understand the health status and needs of Australian trans people to guide resources and health and well-being programs. Methods: This anonymous, cross-sectional online survey utilized nonprobability snowball sampling of Australian adults (18 years and over) who self-identified as trans between September 2017 and January 2018. This descriptive study assessed demographic data, community views on access to health care, health burden, access to health resources, and priorities for government funding in transgender health. Results: Of 928 participants, 37% reported female, 36% reported male, and 27% reported nonbinary gender identities. Despite 47% having tertiary qualifications, the unemployment rate was 19%, with 33% reporting discrimination in employment due to being trans. Discrimination in accessing health care was reported by 26% and verbal abuse and physical assault were reported by 63% and 22%, respectively. Lifetime diagnosis of depression was reported by 73% and anxiety by 67%. Sixty-three percent reported previous self-harm and 43% had attempted suicide. Autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder were reported by 15% and 11%, respectively. The most preferred method of receiving health information was through online resources, with the most popular source being Reddit, an online peer discussion board. Better training for doctors in trans health issues was the top priority for government funding. Conclusions: Barriers, including widespread discrimination and unemployment, contribute to health inequity and prevalent mental health conditions. Better training for health professionals in the provision of safe, gender-affirming and general health care for trans people is urgently required.
DOI: 10.1089/lgbt.2020.0178
Journal: LGBT Health
PubMed URL: 33297824
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: barriers to care
gender dysphoria
gender-affirming endocrine care
gender-affirming surgical care
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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