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Title: 'Prostate Cancer' Information on the Internet: Fact or Fiction?
Austin Authors: Moolla, Yusuf;Adam, Ahmed;Perera, Marlon ;Lawrentschuk, Nathan
Affiliation: Department of Oncology, Klerksdorp Hospital, Klerksdorp/Tshepong Hospital Complex, Klerksdorp, North West Province
Department of Surgical Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Department of Urology, Helen Joseph Hospital & Department of Paediatric Urology, Rahima Moosa Mother & Child (Coronation) Hospital, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Clinical Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Department of Surgery, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD
Department of Surgery, Austin Health, The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Olivia Newton-John Cancer Wellness and Research Centre, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Jan-2020 2020-01
Publication information: Current urology 2020; 13(4): 200-208
Abstract: In today's information era, patients often seek information regarding health using the internet. We assessed reliability and validity of internet information regarding 'prostate cancer'. Search term 'prostate cancer' used on Google website (June 2017). Critical analysis was performed on first 100 hits using JAMA benchmarks, DISCERN score, Health on the Net. 33 500 000 hits returned. Top 100 hits were critically analyzed. Ten links [duplicate links (n = 7), book reviews (n = 1), dead sites (n = 2)] were excluded, therefore 90 were analyzed. Subcategories assessed included: commercial (53.33%), university/medical center (24.44%), government (13.33%); non-governmental/ non-profit organizations (8.89%). Sub-type of information content assessed included: factual (74.44%), clinical trials (18.89%); stories (5.56%); question and answer (1.11%). Website rated as HONcode seal positive (14,44%) or seal negative (85,56%). Website content based on JAMA benchmarks: 0 benchmarks (4.44%), 1 benchmark (16.67%), 2 benchmarks (34.44%), 3 benchmarks (27.78%), 4 benchmarks (16.67%). DISCERN score rated: 'low' score (16-32) = 12 websites (13.33%), 'moderate' score (33-64 points) = 68 websites (75.56%), 'high' score (≥ 65 points) = 10 websites (11.11%). Critical assessment of 'Prostate Cancer' information on the internet, showed that overall quality was observed to be accurate, however majority of individual websites are unreliable as a source of information by itself for patients. Doctors and patients need to be aware of this 'quality vs quantity' discrepancy when sourcing PCa information on the internet.
DOI: 10.1159/000499271
ORCID: 0000-0001-8553-5618
Journal: Current urology
PubMed URL: 31998052
ISSN: 1661-7649
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: DISCERN score
Health on the Net seal
Internet information quality
JAMA Benchmarks
Prostate cancer
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