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Title: Post-operative Atrial Fibrillation following Noncardiac Surgery Increases Risk of Stroke.
Austin Authors: Koshy, Anoop N ;Hamilton, Garry;Theuerle, James D ;Teh, Andrew W ;Han, Hui-Chen ;Gow, Paul J ;Lim, Han S ;Thijs, Vincent N ;Farouque, Omar 
Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Department of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Victorian Liver Transplant Unit, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Stroke Division, The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Mar-2020 2019-08-29
Publication information: The American journal of medicine 2020; 133(3): 311-322.e5
Abstract: New-onset post-operative atrial fibrillation is well recognized to be an adverse prognostic marker in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. Whether post-operative atrial fibrillation confers an increased risk of stroke remains unclear. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess the risk of stroke after post-operative atrial fibrillation in noncardiac surgery. MEDLINE, Cochrane and EMBASE databases were searched for articles published up to May 2019 for studies of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery that reported incidence of new atrial fibrillation and stroke. Event rates from individual studies were pooled and risk ratios (RR) were pooled using a random-effects model. Fourteen studies of 3,536,291 patients undergoing noncardiac surgery were included in the quantitative analysis (mean follow-up 1.4±1year). New atrial fibrillation occurred in 26,046 (0.74%) patients with a higher incidence following thoracic surgery. Stroke occurred in 279 (1.5%) and 6199 (0.4%) patients, with and without post-operative atrial fibrillation, respectively. On pooled analysis, post-operative atrial fibrillation was associated with a significantly increased risk of stroke (RR 2.51, 95%CI 1.76-3.59) with moderate heterogeneity. The stroke risk was significantly higher with atrial fibrillation following non-thoracic compared to thoracic surgery (RR 3.09 vs RR 1.95; p=0.01). New post-operative atrial fibrillation following noncardiac surgery was associated with a 2.5-fold increase in the risk of stroke. This risk was highest among patients undergoing non-thoracic noncardiac surgery. Given the documented efficacy of newer anticoagulants, randomized controlled trials are warranted to assess whether they can reduce the risk of stroke in these patients.
DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.07.057
ORCID: 0000-0002-6614-8417
PubMed URL: 31473150
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: arrhythmias
cerebrovascular events
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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