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Title: What is new in lipid lowering therapies in diabetes?
Austin Authors: Cheung, Yee-Ming Melody ;O'Brien, Richard C ;Ekinci, Elif I 
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Austin Health, The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 2019 2019-03-19
Publication information: Internal Medicine Journal 2019; 49(12): 1472-1480
Abstract: Diabetes can lead to myriad of microvascular and macrovascular complications - with the leading cause of mortality in diabetes being cardiovascular disease (CVD). Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), along with non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) and triglycerides (TGs) are proven, modifiable risk factors for CVD. This article will focus on lipid lowering agents in individuals with diabetes. It will summarise relevant changes in the latest guidelines for dyslipidemia, and will also review the mechanisms of action of lipid lowering agents along with the latest cardiovascular outcomes data specific to individuals with diabetes. Older agents such as statins, ezetimibe, fibrates and nicotinic acid will be reviewed with a focus on new diabetes-specific evidence. Similarly, a relatively novel agent proprotein-convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) will be reviewed and details around the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) criteria governing its usage in Australia will be included. Finally, this review will touch on agents still on the horizon such as icosapent ethyl, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) mimetics, bempedoic acid, omega-3 free fatty acids, bromodomain and extra-terminal proteins (BET) inhibitors and inclisirin - a long-acting RNA interference agent. In the appropriately selected population of individuals with diabetes, these agents can assist to further improve lipid profile and reduce cardiovascular events. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1111/imj.14291
ORCID: 0000-0003-3875-5698
PubMed URL: 30887650
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: cardiovascular disease
lipid lowering agents
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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