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Title: Plasma TNF alpha is a predictor of persisting symptoms post-concussion in children.
Austin Authors: Parkin, Georgia M;Clarke, Cathriona;Takagi, Michael;Hearps, Stephen J C;Babl, Franz;Davis, Gavin;Anderson, Vicki;Ignjatovic, Vera
Affiliation: University of Melbourne, School of Psychological Sciences, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Cabrini Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Royal Childrens Hospital, Emergency, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
University of Melbourne, Department of Paediatrics, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Department of Neurosurgery, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
University of Melbourne, Department of Paediatrics, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Royal Children's Hospital, Psychology Service, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2018
Date: 2018-12-20
Publication information: Journal of neurotrauma 2018; online first: 20 December
Abstract: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)-associated blood proteomics has become an emerging focus in the past decade, with the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approving the use of a blood test to determine the necessity of a CT scan following adult mTBI. We now also know that the blood proteome of children is different to that of adults and new evidence suggests that children may take longer to recover from an mTBI. Despite this, comparatively fewer studies have analyzed changes in blood protein expression following pediatric mTBI. Concussions, an mTBI subset, often go under-reported, despite the potential for post-concussive symptoms to last more than one month in up to 30% of children. In the current study, we used a multiplex immunoassay to measure blood protein expression of apoE, enolase 2, GFAP, IL-1B, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, S100B, tau and TNFα at admission, 1-4 days, 2 weeks and 3 months post-pediatric concussion, comparing patients with normal recovery (n = 9) to those with persisting symptoms (n = 9). We identified significant differences in IL-6 (p < 0.001) and tau (p = 0.048) protein expression across time post-injury irrespective of clinical outcome and in IL-8 protein expression (p = 0.041) across time post-injury specific to children with persisting symptoms. Significantly, we have identified an increase in TNFα protein expression at 1-4 days post-injury (p = 0.031) in children with persisting symptoms compared to normal recovery. To our knowledge, this is the first study to identify TNFα as a potential blood biomarker for persisting symptoms post-pediatric concussion.
DOI: 10.1089/neu.2018.6042
Journal: Journal of neurotrauma
PubMed URL: 30569819
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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