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Title: Bedside quantification of fat-free mass in acute spinal cord injury using bioelectrical impedance analysis: a psychometric study.
Austin Authors: Panisset, Maya G ;Desneves, Katherine J ;Ward, Leigh C;Rafferty, Jillian;Rodi, Helena ;Roff, Geoff;El-Ansary, Doa;Galea, Mary P 
Affiliation: School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia
Bone and Mineral Research Unit, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Nutrition and Dietetics
Issue Date: Apr-2018
Date: 2017-12-28
Publication information: Spinal Cord 2018; 56(4): 355-365
Abstract: Psychometric. Assess the validity of bioimpedance-based measures of fat-free mass (FFM) in acute SCI and of current definitions of obesity based on body mass index (BMI). Australia. All admissions within eight weeks of a new traumatic SCI were screened. 29% were eligible. 71% of those consented. Twenty participants (18 male) completed deuterium dilution (DD) and bioimpedance-based measurements of FFM. Thirteen also underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Strength of relationships and agreement were examined using Lin's concordance coefficient and limits of agreement analysis, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for three BMI cutoffs for obesity, using percentage fat mass (%FM) obtained from DD as reference. Median time since injury was 41 days (IQR 28-48). FFM from DD and DXA were highly correlated but not identical. Concordance and agreement between DD and seven bioimpedance-based predictive equations are presented. The best-fitting equation demonstrated a low bias (+0.6 kg) and moderate dispersion (±5.2 kg). The cutoff for overweight in able-bodied people (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) provided sensitivity of 43.8%, compared to 25% for the cut-off for obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2). FM from bioimpedance gave the highest sensitivity (88.9%). BMI demonstrates poor specificity to classify obesity in acute SCI. Present findings support the utility of bioimpedance-based measurements for estimating FFM in acute SCI for group comparisons. These results are generalizable to traumatic SCI 4-8 weeks post injury; however, the present data reflect a high proportion of high cervical injuries. Further research is indicated to establish validity for assessment of individuals and for longitudinal monitoring. The present study was funded by a grant from the Institute for Safety, Compensation and Recovery Research (ISCRR Project #NGE-E-13-078). M Panisset was supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award. K Desneves was supported by the Austin Medical Research Foundation.
DOI: 10.1038/s41393-017-0035-1
ORCID: 0000-0002-8353-4061
Journal: Spinal Cord
PubMed URL: 29284797
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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