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Title: Combined use of iterative reconstruction and monochromatic imaging in spinal fusion CT images.
Austin Authors: Wang, Fengdan;Zhang, Yan;Xue, Huadan;Han, Wei;Yang, Xianda;Jin, Zhengyu;Zwar, Richard B 
Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, PR China
Statistics Office, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, PR China
Department of Pathophysiology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, PR China
Department of Radiology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Jan-2017 2016-02-25
Publication information: Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987) 2017; 58(1): 62-69
Abstract: Spinal fusion surgery is an important procedure for treating spinal diseases and computed tomography (CT) is a critical tool for postoperative evaluation. However, CT image quality is considerably impaired by metal artifacts and image noise. To explore whether metal artifacts and image noise can be reduced by combining two technologies, adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) and monochromatic imaging generated by gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) dual-energy CT. A total of 51 patients with 318 spinal pedicle screws were prospectively scanned by dual-energy CT using fast kV-switching GSI between 80 and 140 kVp. Monochromatic GSI images at 110 keV were reconstructed either without or with various levels of ASIR (30%, 50%, 70%, and 100%). The quality of five sets of images was objectively and subjectively assessed. With objective image quality assessment, metal artifacts decreased when increasing levels of ASIR were applied (P < 0.001). Moreover, adding ASIR to GSI also decreased image noise (P < 0.001) and improved the signal-to-noise ratio (P < 0.001). The subjective image quality analysis showed good inter-reader concordance, with intra-class correlation coefficients between 0.89 and 0.99. The visualization of peri-implant soft tissue was improved at higher ASIR levels (P < 0.001). Combined use of ASIR and GSI decreased image noise and improved image quality in post-spinal fusion CT scans. Optimal results were achieved with ASIR levels ≥70%.
DOI: 10.1177/0284185116631182
PubMed URL: 26917784
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Image noise
dual-energy computed tomography
iterative reconstruction
metal artifacts
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